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Turbochargers - Turbo Kits


Turbochargers

The turbocharger was invented by Swiss engineer, Alfred Buchi, who had been working on steam turbines. His patent for the internal combustion turbocharger was applied for in 1905.

A turbocharger is an exhaust gas driven compressor used in internal-combustion engines to increase the power output of the engine by increasing the mass of oxygen entering the engine. A key advantage of turbochargers is that they offer a considerable increase in engine power with only a slight increase in weight.

A turbocharger is an exhaust gas driven supercharger. All superchargers have a gas compressor in the intake tract of the engine which compresses the intake air above atmospheric pressure, greatly increasing the volumetric efficiency beyond that of naturally-aspirated engines. A turbocharger also has a turbine that powers the compressor using wasted energy from the exhaust gases. The compressor and turbine spin on the same shaft, similar to a turbojet aircraft engine.

The compressor increases the pressure of the air entering the engine, so a greater mass of oxygen enters the combustion chamber in the same time interval (an increase in fuel is required to keep the mixture the same air to fuel ratio). This greatly improves the volumetric efficiency of the engine, and thereby creates more power. The additional fuel is provided by the proper tuning of the fuel injectors or carburetor.

Turbochargers spin between 80,000 and 150,000 rpm depending on size, weight of the rotating parts, boost pressure developed and compressor design. Such high rotation speeds would cause problems for standard ball bearings leading to failure so most turbo-chargers use fluid bearings. These feature a flowing layer of oil that suspends and cools the moving parts.

To manager air pressure, the turbocharger exhaust gas flow is regulated with a wastegate that bypasses excess exhaust gas entering the turbocharger's turbine. This regulates the rotational speed of the turbine and the output of the compressor. The wastegate is opened and closed by the compressed air from turbo and can be raised by using a solenoid to regulate the pressure fed to the wastegate membrane. This solenoid can be controlled by Automatic Performance Control, the engine's electronic control unit or an after market boost control computer.

A lag is sometimes felt by the driver of a turbocharged vehicle as a delay between pushing on the accelerator pedal and feeling the turbo kick-in. This is symptomatic of the time taken for the exhaust system driving the turbine to come to high pressure and for the turbine rotor to overcome its rotational inertia and reach the speed necessary to supply boost pressure. The directly-driven compressor in a positive-displacement supercharger does not suffer this problem. Conversely on light loads or at low rpm a turbocharger supplies less boost and the engine is more efficient than a supercharged engine.

Turbocharger Kits Greddy HKSTurbocharger Kits

  • Greddy Turbocharger Kits
    GReddy Bolt-On Turbocharger Kits are designed specifically for driveability and reliability, as well as performance. With a GReddy bolt-on turbocharger kit, you can obtain instant horsepower gain with less time and money and still have the potential for upgrading. Since they are based completely on stock engines, these kits come with all the necessary basics, including fuel enrichment. If competition use is your goal, there are many GReddy upgrades to boost the power output even further, such as: intercoolers, blow-off valves, fuel management and boost controllers.
  • HKS Turbocharger Kits
    Every HKS Turbo, Turbo Kit, and other turbo related components, from the HKS sport & GT turbos to the HKS cast iron turbo manifolds & Turbo Set-Up Kits, are all race proven and engineered with the highest standards in performance, function & reliability.
  • APS Turbo Kits
    APS have over twenty years experience in designing and manufacturing turbocharger and intercooler systems combined with an extensive background in EFI engine management systems for select 4X4 and performance passenger cars.
  • Turbonetics Turbo Kits

Turbo Kits Available on eBay

 for sale
JDM UNIVERSAL T3/T4 TURBO KIT TURBOCHARGER+INTERCOOLER+WASTEGATE+BOV+BOOST GAUGE
$501.4


 for sale
Universal GT35 T4 Turbo Kit + Turbonetics Hurricane 7868 Benita Turbo Charger
$1514.83


 for sale
Hahn racecraft cavalier/sunfire turbo kit injectors / computer
$45.0


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BLACK DIY TURBO KIT FOR CIVIC D15 D16 D-SERIES MANIFOLD+BOV+OIL LINE+WASTEGATE
$499.99


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Toyota Tacoma Hilux 4Runner Turbo Kit T3 T4 2RZ-FE 3RZ-FE 485HP 1TRFE 2TRFE
$845.0


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T04E T3/T4 27PC TURBO KIT W/INTERCOOLER+TOP MOUNT MANIFOLD B16/B18 CIVIC INTEGRA
$1512.68


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CIVIC B16/B18 RAM HORN MANIFOLD T3/T4 TURBOCHARGER+INTERCOOLER TURBO KIT 13PCS
$637.0


 for sale
Turbo Kit intercooler Manifold Downpipe for 95-04 Tacoma 5VZFE 5VZ-FE 5VZ Black
$1474.0


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CXRacing Turbo kit For 89-93 Mazda Miata 1.6L Engine Manifold Downpipe
$702.0


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1991 Mustang 5.0 Single Turbo Kit Foxbody System 91 LX GT Notchback Notch
$1525.0


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UNIVERSAL HIGH PERFORMANCE TWIN T70 TURBO KIT CHARGER DIY CUSTOM FMIC PIPING HP
$940.49


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GT35 Turbo Kit + Manifold Downpipe Intercooler For 92-98 BMW E36 Top Mount Black
$1384.0


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CXRacing Turbo kit for 04-08 Acura TSX K24 Manifold DownPipe
$471.68


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T04E T3/T4 V-BAND 9PC TURBO KIT+INTERCOOLER+MANIFOLD 84-91 BMW E30 325 M20 SOHC
$603.68


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CXRacing Turbo Kit For 92-00 Honda Civic D15 D16 Engine Tube & Fin Intercooler
$643.99


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Cxracing GT35 Turbo Kit for 01-06 Civic Integra DC5 RSX K20 Sidewinder Manifold
$1053.0


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Reference: wikipedia


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