PURE ENGINE SOUND: Lancia Rally 037 Evo.2 Group B

This is a unique piece of video, part of "Pure Engine Sound Collection", made by several clips of Beppe Volta's Lancia Rally 037 Evo.2 during historic rally exhibitions. This movie, produced by Nickland.org, has been edited by Nicolò Caneparo. The entire footage is property of Nickland.org, and any improper or unauthorized use will be punished according the current terms of law. The Lancia Rally 037 (also known as the Lancia Abarth #037) was a mid-engine rally car built by Lancia in the early 1980s purely for the FIA Group B World Rally Championship. Driven by Markku Alén, Attilio Bettega, and Walter Röhrl, the car won Lancia the manufacturers' world championship in the 1983 season. HISTORY: In 1981 Lancia began designing the 037 to comply with the then new FIA Group B regulations that allowed cars to race with relatively few homologation models being built. As the project was number 037, this eventually became the name by which the car was known. Abarth, now a part of the Lancia-Fiat family, did most of the design work, even incorporating styling cues from some of its famous race cars of the 1950s and 1960s such as a double bubble roof line. Prior to its first participation in the 1982 World Rally Championship season, 200 road-going models were built to comply with Group B regulations. The car made its competition debut at the 1982 Rally Costa Smeralda in Italy, where two cars were entered but both retired due to gearbox issues. The 1982 season was plagued with retirements for the 037, but the new car did manage to achieve several wins including its first win at the Pace Rally in the UK. The 1983 season was considerably more successful for the 037: Lancia took the 1983 World Rally Championship Constructors' title with Germany's Walter Röhrl and Finland's Markku Alen its principal drivers, despite serious competition from the 4WD Audi Quattro. Both drivers, however, missed the final round of the series, despite Röhrl maintaining a mathematical chance of the drivers' title: such honours instead went to Audi's veteran Finn, Hannu Mikkola. For the 1984 Constructors' title defence, Lancia introduced an Evolution 2 version of the 037 with improved engine power, but this was not enough to stem the tide of 4WD competition, losing to Audi in both 1984 Championships, and again to the 4WD Peugeot 205 T16 in its final works season in 1985. Indeed, Alen collected the final 037 win, and the sole one for the E2 model, on the 1984 Tour De Corse, before it was finally pensioned off in the Martini sponsored Lancia factory rally car line-up in favour of its successor, the uniquely supercharged and turbocharged 4WD Delta S4, for the season-ending RAC Rally in Great Britain. Driver Attilio Bettega died in a 037 crash in 1985. LAYOUT: The Lancia 037 was a silhouette racer; while it was loosely based on the Lancia Montecarlo (also known as Scorpion in the US and Canadian markets) road car, they shared only the center section with all body panels and mechanical parts being significantly different. Steel subframes were used fore and aft of the production car center section, while most of the body panels were made from Kevlar. The mid-engined layout of the Montecarlo was retained, but the engine was turned 90 degrees from a transverse position to a longitudinal position in order to decrease the vehicles polar moment and improve handling. An independent double wishbone suspension was used on both the front and rear axles, with dual shock absorbers in the rear in order to cope with the stresses of high speed off road driving. The 037 is notable as it retained the rear-wheel drive layout that was nearly universal for rally cars of the pre-Group B period; nearly all subsequent successful rally cars used four-wheel drive, making the 037 the last of its kind. ENGINE: Unlike its predecessor, the V6-powered Lancia Stratos, the first 037s had a 2.0 liter 4-cylinder supercharged engine. Based on the long stroke twin cam which powered earlier Fiat Abarth 131 rally cars, the four valve head was carried over from the 131 Abarth but the original two carburetors were replaced by a single large Weber carburetor in early models and later with fuel injection. It features a ZF transaxle.[citation needed] Lancia also chose a Supercharger over a turbocharger to eliminate turbo lag and improve throttle response. Initially power was quoted at 265 hp (198 kW) but with the introduction of the Evolution 1 model power jumped to 300 with the help of water injection. The final Evolution 2 model produced 325 hp (242 kW) thanks to a displacement increase to 2,111 cc.

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Tribute Gruppo B - Momenti Fantastici - Pure Sound
Fino alla fine degli anni settanta le autovetture impegnate nelle categorie maggiori del campionato del mondo di Rally, ossia Gruppo 2 e Gruppo 4, dovevano essere prodotte in almeno 400 esemplari stradali, e per questa ragione venivano utilizzati modelli già in produzione, come ad esempio Lancia Stratos, Fiat 124 Abarth, Fiat 131. Queste vetture erano perlopiù a trazione posteriore e questo ne pregiudicava la capacità di scaricare a terra la potenza, che i team contenevano nell'ordine dei 200/250 cavalli. Per ovviare a questo limite tecnico la FISA (Fédération Internationale du Sport Automobile) autorizzò a partire del 1979 l'uso nei Rally di vetture a quattro ruote motrici, convinta che i benefici dovuti alla maggiore trazione sarebbero stati annullati dal maggior peso e complessità della trazione integrale. Il Gruppo B venne introdotto dalla FIA nel 1982 in sostituzione sia del Gruppo 4 (Gran Turismo modificate) che del Gruppo 5 (Gran Turismo prototipo). Il Gruppo A comprendeva veicoli derivati dalla produzione di serie (almeno 5.000 unità all'anno), limitati per quanto riguarda potenza, peso, tecnologie e costo in generale, venne introdotto con lo scopo di facilitare l'ingresso nelle competizioni dei piloti privati. Al contrario, il Gruppo B ebbe poche limitazioni, per ottenere l'omologazione erano necessarie infatti solamente 200 autovetture del modello di base; tecnologia, peso contenuto e potenza libera non potevano che portare a grandi prestazioni. La categoria era studiata su misura per i grandi costruttori di automobili, senza doversi sobbarcare oneri di industrializzazione e produzione in grande serie, avevano a disposizione una categoria per sperimentare liberamente nuovi ritrovati tecnici e per competere per la vittoria assoluta. Per quanto riguarda il mondo delle competizioni su pista e le gare di tipo endurance, la regolamentazione di Gruppo B non ha riscosso molto interesse, probabilmente offuscata dal grande successo del Gruppo C e dalla mancanza di un campionato esclusivo di rilevanza nel quale gareggiare, tuttavia vetture come Porsche 959 e Ferrari 288 GTO hanno rappresentato la massima espressione su pista di questa categoria. Il Gruppo B inizialmente era una formula ben riuscita, molti costruttori aderirono al Campionato Mondiale Rally e folle di spettatori sempre più consistenti seguivano le gare. Ma sia i costi che le prestazioni delle vetture aumentarono rapidamente purtroppo anche con tragici epiloghi. Di conseguenza il Gruppo B è stato abolito alla fine del 1986, dal 1987 il Gruppo A è divenuto la massima espressione nei campionati rally fino all'avvento nel 1997 delle World Rally Car e delle regole che le disciplinano. Dopo l'abolizione nei rally, la regolamentazione di Gruppo B ha trovato un posto adatto nel campionato europeo di Rallycross, con automobili come MG Metro 6R4 e Ford RS200, fino al 1992. Altre case come Audi e Peugeot hanno trovato uno sbocco nella Pikes Peak International Hillclimb con versioni ancora più performanti dell' Audi Quattro e della 205 T16, quest'ultima è stata impiegata anche nei rally-raids e in particolare nella Parigi-Dakar. Music: Evanescence Hello Powered By Www.DeltaS4.Altervista.Org





Lancia Rally - Stratos vs 037
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Babylon-Car-Video/630677903639291 Google+: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/102896050223121159776/102896050223121159776/p osts Flickr: https://www.flickr.com/photos/100537953@N03/ A beautiful Lancia Stratos ex Jolly Club and two Lancia Rally 037, one ex Kankkunen and a new car for the unfortunate Attilio Bettega, filmed during 18° Vernasca Silver Flag 2013.





Lancia 037, Lancia Stratos & Lancia Delta in Prague Center. Incredible sound!
Rally Prague Revival - Start on Wenceslas Square - Prague





Group B Rally "The Sound"
A tribute to the sights and sound of the Group B rally cars. Turn up your speakers and enjoy. Thanks to Helmut Deimel, Jeff Lehale.




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