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Some of the best advice I can offer you about fixing your car is to search for an online forum related to your car, or even for your specific engine. If you have a popular car or engine, this can be an amazing tool in diagnosing and fixing cars yourself!
1. Get kerosene, gasoline, or break cleaner.
2. Tilt head on its side, with the ports of the valves you're testing pointing up and exposed.
3. Fill the intake or Exhaust ports with the liquid you chose, make sure to use enough liquid to cover the back of the valve head completely inside the port.
4. Look at the valve surface in the combustion chamber for leakage. (Let it sit for several minutes)
5. If there is a leak, you could have a bent valve or just a bad seal of the valve to the head. You might have to replace the valve, or just use some lapping compound to lap the valve/seat to resurface.
6. Repeat for the other side if you wish.
7. This is a great time to replace valve seals if you have noticed they are worn too much.
8. If you have any questions, please post them here and I'll try to answer them quickly.
You just tilt the head on one side or the other depending whether you want to test the intake or Exhaust valves. I'm testing the intake valves in this video. I did this way because I didn't have the leakdown test equipment, but also because I wanted to replace my head gasket anyway. I wouldn't say this is the best way to test initially if you suspect leaking or bent valves because it requires you remove the head. Try just a regular leakdown test first. But if you're taking it off anyway it's pretty nifty and doesn't require the leakdown test tools. There are several methods to do this, this is just the one I chose in my situation.
EASY, HOW I LAPP & GRIND VALVES. THEY DONT TEACH THIS TRICK IN SCHOOL, ONLY OLDSKOOL.
Automotive technician since 1991 I show how I do a valve grinding job
(Lapping Valves) at home using a vacuum hose, drill & compound, don't over
think it and don't assume it cant be done. learn how and save money on your
project with out taking your cylinder head to the machine shop. Valve
guides must be in good shape ( with no significant play or bent Valves
before you perform this task, but this procedure works very well if done
with care & quality. Go get it! and God bless.
Cylinder Head 105 - Valve Job Basics
Valves not sealing? Valves not bent? This is how you fix that problem.
In this video I outline the basic valve job procedure. Cleaning the
valves, cleaning the seats, cleaning the combustion chamber and lapping the
valves in to make a better seal.
Here I cover the process start-to-finish. It's the same exact process for
pretty much all non-rotary combustion engines. It takes patience and
perseverance to do this job, but anyone can do it. Reference your service
manual for measurements and service limits. Everything else that's not in
your service manual is in this video.
I apologize for not having broken busted crap to work with in this video.
It's more beneficial to all of you when bad fortune falls on me because it
gets well documented, and many people watching these videos are looking for
answers. If you have bent valves, you will discover it quickly once you
chuck one up in the drill. You'll see the face of the valve wobble around
while it spins. You'll see evidence of this damage on the valve seat. If
it's bad, you may see damage on the valve guides in the form of cracks or
missing pieces where the valve guides protrude through the head ports.
Give all that stuff a good visual inspection. ...and if you doubt yourself,
never hesitate to get a second opinion or consult a machine shop. They
will have access to expensive tools that you wont find in your average
Cylinder Head 102 - Hydro Test Valves
If you noticed a drop in compression on one cylinder, and pouring a cap of
oil through the spark plug holes didn't fix it, then it's likely you
experienced a leaky valve or a burnt valve seat. What this test does is
show you where it was leaking. Typically it takes a valve job to repair,
but this can also occur on a freshly-machined head if any work was done
improperly or out-of-center.
I'm using tap water for the test because both cylinder heads I'm testing
will receive extensive machine work and cleaning before being re-used. If
you were to do this test on a freshly-machined head, you'd want to use
deionized water as it contains none of the salts (sodium, chlorine, etc...)
that would leave deposits and corrode metal parts.
How To Perform a Compression Test - EricTheCarGuy
Compression Testing and What You Can Learn From It - EricTheCarGuy
Here is a video on performing a compression test on an engine to assess
it's mechanical condition. An engines ability to compress air and fuel is
directly proportional to it's performance since an engine is nothing more
than an air compressor once you take away all the controls. A compression
test is a good general test that will give you an idea of the engine's
overall health but it does not give specific information on what the
problem is should there be one, for that a "leak down test" would be
required, here is a link to that video.
However if you find yourself looking for the source of a performance
problem with an engine, this is a great place to start. This test is often
overlooked in favor of looking at the fuel or ignition system, I think
that's a mistake, if an engine can't perform mechanically no amount of
electronics will make that better.
Recently, I hit the 500 subscriber mark and I'd like to thank all of my
subscribers past, present, and hopefully in the future for that. I enjoy
making these videos and the fact that you seem to like watching them means
a lot to me. So, thanks for subscribing, rating, and commenting, those
little contributions make it all worth while.
Click below and Stay Dirty
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Also see the video I did, "Octane Ratings and the 4 Stroke Engine Cycle"
for more information on how compression works and why it is important.
Thanks for watching and stay dirty
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