Lokomotif Kereta Api Indonesia asli dari Jerman

Berdasarkan mesinnya, lokomotif terbagi menjadi 1. Lokomotif uap. Merupakan cikal bakal mesin kereta api. Uap yang dihasilkan dari pemanasan air yang terletak di ketel uap digunakan untuk menggerakkan torak atau turbin dan selanjutkan disalurkan ke roda. Bahan bakarnya bisanya dari kayu bakar atau batu bara. 2. Lokomotif diesel mekanis. Menggunakan mesin diesel sebagai sumber tenaga yang kemudian ditransfer ke roda melalui transmisi mekanis. Lokomotif ini biasanya bertenaga kecil dan sangat jarang karena keterbatasan kemampuan dari transmisi mekanis untuk dapat mentransfer daya. 3. Lokomotif diesel elektrik. Pada Lokomotif ini Mesin diesel dipakai untuk memutar generator agar mendapatkan energi listrik. Listrik tersebut dipakai untuk menggerakkan motor listrik besar yang langsung menggerakkan roda. 4. Lokomotif diesel hidraulik. Lokomotif ini menggunakan tenaga mesin diesel untuk memompa oli dan selanjutnya disalurkan ke perangkat hidraulik untuk menggerakkan roda. Lokomotif ini tidak sepopuler lokomotif diesel elektrik karena perawatan dan kemungkinan terjadi problem besar. 5. Lokomotif listrik. Lokomotif ini adalah lokomotif yang paling populer. Prinsip kerjanya hampir sama dengan lokomotif diesel elektrik, tapi tidak menghasilkan listrik sendiri. Listriknya diperoleh dari kabel transmisi di atas jalur kereta api. Jangkauan lokomotif ini terbatas hanya pada jalur yang tersedia jaringan transmisi listrik penyuplai tenaga. sumber : http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lokomotif

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