Audio track by RojoDelChocolate.
Here's the 48,000 mile-old 7-bolt I blew up summer 2011 after over 150 drag passes, a half dozen Dyno sessions, 4 transmissions, 3 clutches and 10 years of hard all-weather use.
Now this is a story all about how
My bearings got flipped-turned upside down
And I'd like to take a minute just sit right there
And tell you how I used to mix and burn my gas and my air.
In RVA suburbs born and raised
On the dragstrip is where I spent most of my days
Chillin out, maxin, relaxing all cool,
And all shooting some BS outside with my tools
When a couple of guys who were up to no good
Started running races in my neighborhood
I heard one little knock and my rods got scared
And said "You put it in the garage until you figure out where..."
I Begged and pleaded that it not be that way,
But it didn't want to start and run another day.
I kissed it goodbye, because the motor punched its ticket
I got out my camera, said "I might as well kick it."
Crankwalk yo this is bad
Drinking metal shavings from an oil pan.
Is this what the rumor of crankwalk is like?
Hmm this won't be alright
But wait I heard knocking, grinding and all that
Is this the type of failure that should happen to this cool cat?
I don't think so, I'll see when I get there
I hope they're prepared for this video I share.
Well I pulled all the bolts and when I came out
There were chunks in my fluids in the pan and they drained out
I aint trying to get depressed cause I got all my spares out.
I sprang into action like lightning disassembled
I whistled while I worked and my hands never trembled
The 7-bolt was FRESH with the shine like a mirror
If anything I can say this bling was rare
What I saw inside the engine stained my underwear.
I turned off the air compressor 'bout 7 or 8
And I yelled to crankcase "Yo holmes, smell ya later"
I looked at my internals they were finally there
To sit on my workbench and stink up the air.
7-Bolt Shortblock Failure - Full Diagnosis
If you are your own mechanic, there is no more important character trait
worthy of development than the ability to own your mistakes. That's where
the line is drawn between good mechanics and bad mechanics. It's not the
failures but how they deal with them that measures their ability.
In short, it's not easy to admit you did something wrong or were negligent.
But if you don't own it and talk about it, it doesn't get fixed, and
nothing positive can come from it. It was my quest to overcome my clutch
issue that lead to the creation of a video. That video is the textbook
perfect guide for how to correctly install a DSM transmission.
Crankwalk as described is caused by a casting defect. This was not a
defect. This was preventable. A lot of people would find something like
this and not tell anyone out of embarrassment. I'm not ashamed. It's my
fault. I got good use out of this engine and it was tough enough to make
it 48K miles since the last rebuild despite my abuse. I'm here to tell you
if you bought a used car that's had its clutch replaced, or if you ever pay
someone else to do it... make sure it has this bolt. It's stashed away
between the starter and the transfer case, so it's hard to see. Make sure
all of your bell housing bolts are torqued properly because fastener
problems can destroy your shortblock, clutch and transmission. If your car
fails because of a mis-aligned transmission, you have no reason to blame
It wasn't until I bought my next AWD car that I discovered there was a
smaller bolt on the other side of the block. I destroyed 3 transmissions
in the GSX first. With the damage already done to my crankshaft, I then
lost a shortblock. It's an ounce of prevention that's worth metric tons on
your bank account.
Grade 10 M8x60 bell housing bolt = MD706012. It gets 22-25'lbs of torque.
Owning my mistake permits me to learn from it through con$equence$, and
never repeat it. What good would it have done anyone else for me to learn
this lesson and not share it? That's why I'm providing this video to all
of you. Sharing it can perhaps help someone else avoid this costly
mistake. This is the final chapter for my 7-bolt, and this book is going
back on the shelf.
Here are some valuable resources if you're trying to read bearing damage:
And of course, now that I've covered the complete oil system, transmission
and driveshaft series of videos, you now have all the tools necessary to
ensure your 4g63 lasts a very long time. Whether the casting defect
exists?... or it's all caused by a bolt, or the harmonics, or whatever...
Sure, crankwalk exists and it's horrible. But with the small amount of
movement required for your crankshaft before it contacts the block isn't
far enough to make your clutch drop to the floor when you turn. You'd be
hearing woodpeckers and jackhammers on the crank long before that clutch
pedal would fall to the floor. Some people are going to hate on me for
saying that. That's fine. I believe all of the people who experienced the
clutch pedal issues had fastener problems on their bell housing.
DSMs get a bad reputation for this but we can change that. Crankwalk is
never the cause of your engine failure. Crankwalk is always a symptom of
the real problem. It's your disease that makes you deny it's your fault.
You've got the 'itis. DSM-itis.
Whenever you dig deeper, you'll discover what applied all of those thrust
loads to your crankshaft to begin with, and it's not going to be a casting
defect that moves your crank .101". Mine only went .014", but all of the
same parts failed.
PLEASE tell me in the comments if you find this bolt is missing from your
Many of you have seen this one before. I apologize if bringing it back
Domestickilla gave me a crankshaft, and it's a nice one that I want to
clean up and use again. You'll be seeing a lot of it and because of this,
this video deserves to be here. I fixed what I broke, and this was my
In this video Ballos Precision Machine demonstrates magnetic dye penetrant
testing, crankshaft polishing and inspecting the balance of a "butchered"
4g63 6-bolt crankshaft.
1998 Civic Engine Tear Down (Part 4) - EricTheCarGuy
Link to full engine R&R video:
Remember this guy? Yep since I'm moving I had my scrap picked up and this
was still in the shop collecting dust so I decided to do the tear down on
it, I'm glad I did because I got a nice little keepsake out of it. BTW
don't yell at me for using my impact lets face it, this engine is scrap!
Click below and Stay Dirty
Visit me at EricTheCarGuy.com
Visit EricTheCarGuy Forum
Visit my Facebook Page:
Cylinder Head 106 - Casting & Porting Tech
No really guys, what can I type here? I just went on for 18 minutes
without shutting up. I apologize for deviating from my normal format, but
we're almost there...
...when I port a head, there will be no voiceover, and it will be a
Block Preparation Part 1
Preparation for powder coating and Glyptal application. Audio track is an
original performance by Rojo Del Chocolate.
My block is being powder coated rather than painted. It's just something I
do. The GSX had it on the last block so it's getting it again.
Since the tools are so similar and the mess is the same, I'm going ahead
and preparing it for the Glyptal application as well. These 2 coatings
will require being baked separately. The powder coating is baked on at a
hotter temperature than the Glyptal, so it's going first.
The surface preparation instructions for Glyptal is as follows:
Surface to be painted should be dry and free from dirt, wax, grease, rust
and oil. Remove all grease and oil by washing surface with mineral
spirits. Wipe or scrape off all loose dirt, rust or scale.
The last sentence is what's covered in this video. The 2nd sentence
happens next (although it's already degreased), and I'll get it back from
powder coat with it in the state described in sentence #1 completed. If
following these instructions to the letter of the law.
Second and third opinions in... the main journal is fine.
You'll notice that I didn't coat the main caps, or "suitcase handles". I'm
not going to. You bang around on these installing and removing them, and I
don't want to risk chipping them once they're coated. They're below the
windage area, and there will also be an un-coated main bearing girdle down
This video covered 25 hours of actual work. Yes, I kept changing into the
same filthy clothes every shoot because I wanted it to look consistent.
You have to take your time doing this kind of work, and be VERY VERY
CAREFUL! If for some reason you're crazy enough to attempt what I do in
this video, you do so at your own risk. This is an elective treatment that
I've never done, but I am by no means the first person to do it. I'm
learning about it just like the rest of you.
Cylinder Head 203 - Valve & Spring Installation
There are 2 critical values in getting your valvetrain geometry correct.
Valve install height and spring install height. On some models of cylinder
heads, getting these values is easier than it is on a 4g63 cylinder head.
On the first Glyptal video, you heard me complain about the complexity of
the casting and how hard it was to reach all the nooks and crannies while
applying that coating. The casting is very complex on a 4g63 head. There
are hydraulic galleries for the lifters elevated above the valvetrain
surface which make accessing each valve bore with precision measurement
tools very difficult. It's because of this that you need to do some math
to get these values correct.
Stuart is going to show you the process for obtaining the stem height and
spring height values on a 4g63 head. Using these numbers you can determine
other work necessary to correct the spring height value to correct seat
pressure, and ensure you have adequate valve travel for your springs to
It looks like rocket surgery, but really it's pretty simple. The ultimate
goal is to get every valve spring in as close proximity to one another as
you can, while doing your best to nail the recommended specification
PROVIDED BY THE VALVE SPRING MANUFACTURER.
Loose valve springs can result in leaky valve seats, valve bounce and
deflection that will drastically shorten the life of the valvetrain. If
valve bounce is severe, it can cause engine-killing interference with the
Tight valve springs can cause excessive valvetrain vibration generated by
the force necessary for the camshafts to push them open. On the narrow
side of the spectrum this can increase friction on the cams which can wipe
lobes and shorten their lifespan, and on the severe end in not only
increases the likelihood of wiping a cam lobe, it can lead to binding valve
springs and crashing the valvetrain.
You have to hit the sweet spot.
Valve springs specifications include several variables that help you
achieve these goals. The manufacturer rates their springs for their
installed pressure and height. They have a compression limit referred to
as valve spring bind which tells you how far you can compress them from
their installed height before the coils begin to bind and the spring stops
The valve springs used in this video are rated at 97lbs @ 1.440" installed,
and .500" lift. This means they should bind at .940", but my cams will
only generate .433" lift, giving me plenty of head room at the top (.067")
to prevent binding if they are installed correctly. One thing we found
which I wasn't expecting is they're a little on the stiff side of spec. We
measured 100lbs at 1.452", so rather than risk setting them up too tight,
that's where we set our tight specification. This decision was made
because if the rated pressure is lower than our actual measurements, this
would in theory decrease the lift specification and increase the
possibility of binding. Our install pressure ended up still higher than
spec with a barely-larger-than-spec spring installed height.
I don't consider this a defect. It is close enough within the margin of
error that it shouldn't cause any problems, and anyone doing this job right
will measure and check all of these specifications to ensure these parts
are what they say they are. That's what you watched us do. I'm confident
that this will work because the 4g63 utilizes a hydraulic self-adjusting
If the stem height is too high, it can be reduced by grinding the ends of
the valve stems to shorten them. This will have no affect on spring
installed height when the parts are assembled, however; it will change the
amount on paper that you'd need to subtract from the stem height in order
to accurately calculate spring installed height. If any of the valves have
been ground to shorten their stem height, all of the valves should be
measured separately with their retainers and keepers assembled, and that
new value subtracted from stem height individually to obtain each spring
installed height. You can't reduce this value any other way short of
replacing the valve seat.
If the valve stem height is too low, you can modify the valve seat or
machine the valve spring perches (seat or retainer) to increase the size of
the spring installed height. Another method would be to cut the valve seat
deeper to recess the valve.
In my video, we show this whole process on a brand new set of Supertech
valves. All of them are identical, and all of the retainers are new and
identical. Because of this (and yes we checked it), and because no valves
required any grinding, we only needed to use one value in our math for all
Hopefully this video clears up the process and covers the options available
for making changes if they're necessary. If you land within 3% of spec,
you've done your diligence in achieving correct valvetrain geometry.
New Year's Eve Hyundai Teardown
It goes like this. One of the best friends I've ever had built this car
from junk parts. He said it best, "it was built from literally a box of
scraps". It ran an 13.2 in the quarter mile using no aftermarket
performance parts of any kind. That quarter mile time was limited by
traction. I know this car had more in it, but I never managed to get it to
stick before encountering this.
More on this build...
The proper bolts were not always available, but the builder knows isht from
Shinola. Even though this engine defies all engineering logic from
Mitsubishi, the builder knew what would work and what would not. Budget
was of the most primary of his concerns, and it shows at every turn, and
it's what brought us to the kind of failure we find in this video.
I asked him what bearings he used. He said, "...the least expensive ones I
could find. Picture Aluglides. Now picture generic Aluglides. I paid
half-as-much for those bearings as I would for generic Aluglides.
Bolt too long? Put a nut on it and shorten it. Oil pan too close to the
pickup? Hammer a big dent in it to make clearance for it. Wrong water
pipe? Put a brass hardware store tee in the line to tap a turbo coolant feed. Forget buying ARP's, this is
an all-standard re-used factory fastenere'd no-oil-squirter .030"-overbore
6-bolt with the cut-off balance shaft mod. It's using a small combustion
chamber head off of a 1.6L Mirage with a 2.0L non-turbo block. The plug wires are used. The
radiator hoses were used. Everything but the head gasket came from a junk
car. The FWD turbo gearbox is from my
150,000 mile old Plymouth Laser that donated the block to the Colt. This
is one of the most amusing cars I've ever wrapped my fingers around because
of these kinds of character-building attributes. Nevermind that the
chassis has less than 70,000 miles on it (not bad for a '92), it's just
that it's built without using any new parts. Parts were substituted when
they were not available, and it's ridiculously powerful.
Thank you Jamie. You discovered your answer. I'm happy to help. I'll be
changing some things like the oil pan bolts, bearing quality, some of the
plumbing and fixing a few wiring harness problems, but I'm not changing
anything else if I can avoid it. This car was never intended to have
anything upgraded to deliver raw power, and I'll do my best to keep it that
way, replacing and restoring what failed so that we can keep pushing these
generic non-turbo .030" over pistons to
the limit. Apparently, 24 PSI from a 14b is not enough.
In the meantime, my diagnosis is that excessive oil pressure lead to the
breakdown of the #1 bearing. After all, it's the 1st bearing in-line in
the oil system on the main gallery. It's the most isolated from clutch
harmonics, yet it was the one that spun. The #1 bearing supplies the oil
pump. The teardrop on the head is nearly gone from head resurfacing, and
this is a no-balance-shaft no-oil-squirter block. I think high oil
pressure is why it falls on its face above 6000 rpms. There's a
restriction upstream from the lifters and they deflate at high RPMs, losing
lift. I'll fix it. I've got the parts.
4g63 Balance Shaft Elimination - bearing modification
This is the first part of a two part series about balance shaft elimination
on 4g series engines. This video details the bearings, the other video
will cover the front case modifications. I've already got a low-def video
of the front case mods, and I plan to re-shoot that one in HD when I'm in
the assembly phase. It's linked in the video.
The balance shafts are designed to cancel out harmonic vibrations caused by
combustion and the spinning rotating assembly. They may offer a greater
degree of comfort to the driver and passengers, but with that comfort comes
Often, when a 4g63 timing belt gives up, it's because the balance shaft
belt breaks or comes loose and takes the timing belt out with it. When
that happens, it can total your pistons, valves, damage the crankshaft,
wrist pins, timing belt tensioner and crank angle sensor. Basically, it
can total your motor. The balance shafts also have a combined weigh over
10 lbs and both are driven off the timing belt making them additional and
heavy rotating mass. If you've got a lightweight flywheel but still have
balance shafts, you have your priorities mixed up.
So here's what you do with the bearings. It's easy. You can do this at
home. You CAN do it with the motor in the car, BUT DON'T. You must enjoy
punishment to do this like that.
The end result will slightly increase your oil pressure, but usually not
enough to cause concern unless you have a full-circumference bearing turbo, ball bearing turbo--with your oil feed coming off the oil
filter housing. The head feed would be better in that case because it's
regulated at 15 PSI.
CAT Engine Teardown TimeLapse
This CAT diesel engine had a million miles on it and was in perfect
condition upon inspection. Sindall Transportation in New Holland, PA did
music by: Booker T. & the MG's
Tom's Turbo Garage: Eagle Talon AWD Turbo Upgrade - Part Two
In this episode, we finish the T3 based PTE 6266 turbo upgrade on my DSM. After getting all of the
parts bolted in, we go for a road test to get the initial ECMLink tune
You can see a complete modification list and many more photos and details
For more details on my DIY water alcohol injection setup, please visit
Thanks for watching!
Block Preparation Part 2 - 1gina2g Timing Side
RRE Method: http://www.roadraceengineering.com/2g6boltmotorinstall.htm
Technically, I'm doing the Magnus method, but my wiring will be very
All 1g cars use the same water pump, and naturally they use the same water
pump bolts as well. I use the 1g tensioner arm because it clears the water
pump without any grinding of either one of those parts.
1g Water Pump
1g Water Pump Bolts
1g Timing Tensioner Arm
This 2g timing mount assembly includes a tensioner arm, washer, pivot bolt,
idler pulley and bolt.. You won't need the included tensioner arm with my
method. It doesn't come with the studs on the top, so you'd need to buy a
pair of those.
Complete 2g Timing Mount Assembly
Engine Mount Studs
Depending on whether you're installing a 1g 6-bolt or a 1g 7-bolt engine
block in your 2g chassis, you're going to need the front case and hydraulic
tensioner that matches the block you're using.
Front Case Assemblies
MD129347 (6-bolt straight cut gears)
MD175762 (6-bolt helical cut gears)
MD327450 (7-bolt helical for 1g block)
1g Hydraulic Tensioner
1g Hydraulic Tensioner Bolts
MD129350 x2 6-bolt
MD190987 x2 7-bolt
You can modify a 2g lower timing cover to make it fit, but it won't line up
around the bottom of the front case. That's why I use the 1g timing cover,
and modify it to fit the 2g middle cover.
Since you need metal covers against the block to have something to bolt the
plastic parts to, let's start with those. The rear metal cover that bolts
to the head is exactly the same part for both 1g and 2g cars. With my
method, you need to use the 2g front metal cover in order to line up with
the 2g middle plastic cover. So all of the plates that bolt to my swap are
from a 2g.
1g2g Timing Middle Cover, Rear (metal)
2g Timing Middle Cover, Front (metal)
2g Timing Lower Cover, Rear (metal)
For the plastic part of the covers, my method dictates that you use the 1g
lower timing cover assembly. This lines up all of the bolt holes and makes
it fit around the bottom of the front case where the oil pan is. If you
modify the lower cover to fit with the middle 2g cover, you won't need to
trim anything else.
The upper timing cover you need may depend on which head and valve cover
Lower Timing Cover Assembly
MD141454 1g 6-bolt block
MD193995 1g 7-bolt block
2g Middle Timing Cover Assembly
MD191811 - 9401.1-9606.3
MD191807 - 9607.1-9912.9
Upper Timing Cover WITH Rubber Gaskets
1g - MD141457 6-bolt head
1g - MD188127 7-bolt head
2g - MD198031
This is a good place to transition into the rubber parts because the rubber
pieces are very different for the 1g and 2g upper timing covers. If you
don't want a rattling, buzzing, noisy valve cover sounding off with every
vibration from your car, you should replace all of the rubber. It dry rots
and turns hard. If you bought a complete 1g engine gasket set and you have
both timing covers already, then you should have the 1g portion of these
rubber gaskets included in your gasket set.
If you've already got both generations of the timing covers like I do, and
no good rubber gaskets, then order all of these parts and stop the rattles.
However, if you bought any of the plastic timing cover parts new from the
dealer, then those plastic parts come with the rubber gaskets included.
You can eliminate them from your order.
* If you bought a complete 1g plastic lower
timing cover, you don't need the 1g gaskets.
Upper Timing Cover Gaskets by themselves...
1g - MD031235 & MD122058 6-bolt head
1g - MD188123 & MD188124 7-bolt head
2g - MD188122
Now for the last part. Fasteners. These are all of the upper, middle and
lower timing cover bolts whether they bolt down metal or plastic parts.
I've included their lengths and diameters so you can identify them.
All Timing Cover Bolts
MF140216 x1 6x45 (middle cover)
MF140202 x4 6x10
MF140206 x9 6x18
MF140209 x2 6x25
MF140210 x2 6x28
MF247868 x2 6x25
MD131417 x2 6x16
Blueprint 106 - Cylinder Bore Inspection
We're close to the end of the 100-level series. In this video I show you
how to measure the cylinder bores using 2 different tools. I compare the
results and illustrate what to look for to determine whether or not your
engine is in-spec.
The block I'm using is a 6-bolt turbo
4g63 from early '92. It has 150,000 miles and this video also serves as a
testimony for the durability of Mitsubishi's cast-iron solid-decked Sirius
I engines. This engine will be cut for a new set of pistons, so these
measurements are needed to determine what size pistons I need to get.
.030" is as far overbored as you should ever take a 4g63. Boring larger
than that will take too much off the side clearances between the cylinder
walls and result in compromised strength from hot spots. The only time
you'll ever need to cut a bigger hole is when an imperfection prevents you
from using the pistons you have, or if you're changing to a larger piston.
If you cut the block to its service limit, you have no room to fix an
imperfection should one develop... so it's best to cut as little as you can
get away with. Boring a cylinder .020" over does not significantly
increase its displacement.
Blueprint 104 - The Crankshaft
It's important to know what you've got even before dealing with the
machinist. If you want to inspect a crankshaft, this is how you do it. I
detail the process of removing the crank and what to measure. All
specifications in this video are illustrated with a 6-bolt 4g63 turbo block, but are all actually the same for
7-bolt engines with the exception of the rod widths.