How to Change a Upper Ball-Joint C-clip type - 2004 Nissan Frontier D-22 4x4 Syspension
How to remove and install a upper ball joint on a 2003 Nissan frontier EX
4x4 .This process can be similar to other application. Replacing the ball
joint with the A-arm still fix/bolted to the automobile is a easy way to
maintain wheel Aline-ment with a important replacement parts.
D22 Frontier/NP-300/Terrano (2001–2004)
D22 Frontier (1997–2000)
D22 Navara (1997– 2004)
D22 Xterra (1997 - 2004)
Currently the D22 Navara series remains on Nissan lineup for many countries
and is known as Nissan NP300, Pickup, Frontier and Navara D22. In 2009 the
D22 was updated with redesigned exterior door handles.
The construction of the upper and lower control arms should be done with
consideration for making them as rigid as possible. The ball joints should
be proven component and their attachment to the arms should be secure. When
mounting the control arms to the chassis, it is important that the brackets
be made rigid. Any flexing of the control arm bracket will result in
deflection and/or vibrations when the control arms are loaded during hard
cornering. It is also important that the whole front of the frame doesn't
deflect under loading, so care must be taken to fully triangulate this
Most rubber bushing consist of a inner sleeve, an outer sleeve and some
form of material separating the two. In most modern production bushings,
the material bonded between the sleeves is rubber. During the 1950's,
factory chassis designers were attached to rubber suspension bushing
because they offered three advantage over earlier steel-on-steel versions.
The rubber bushing were (1) cheaper to build,(2) offered better isolation
from the jolts of the road and (3) didn't required lubrication. Also,
because the durometer (hardness) of the rubber could be tailored for
specific chassis characteristics, the engineers gain a new design
flexibility they didn't have with steel bushings.
If rubber bushing have all of these advantages, why are so many car
enthusiasts their bushing with ones made of other materials? Obviously,
there must be driving situations in which the rubber bushings do not
perform as well as they should. Under most driving condition, rubber
bushings are the best choice. However, high performance driving demands
less deflection, which a rubber bushing is not capable of providing. The
excessive deflection of rubber bushing can have several adverse effects on
high performance handling.
A tire generates its maximum cornering power when it is perpendicular to
the road surface. If the suspension bushings deflect when they are loaded
by high cornering forces, the tire is force to positive camber - and
cornering force are reduced. This explains why setting static negative
camber helps cornering power. By aligning the suspension with negative
camber when the car is at rest, you anticipate the positive camber caused
by rubber bushing material Resists deflection, there is less loss of camber
The lose of cornering power due to rubber bushing deflection is a problem
on cars with independent front suspension and on cars with independent rear
suspension. The need for a better bushing material is especially important
to corvette owners because camber loss at the rear will cause over-steer.
Rubber suspension bushing deflection can also have a dramatic effect on the
steering characteristics of your car. The steering linkage consists of
rigid links and joints, so there is little deflection when these parts are
loaded by high cornering force. The control arms, however, are mounted in
rubber. Thus, the control arms can deflect while the steering linkage stays
in place. If the control arms move in and out, the steering knuckle will
also move. The result is a change in "steering angle". The driver will
notice that the car feels "twitchy", because the actual steering angle
changes as the bushings deflect, even thought he/she is holding the
steering wheel steady.
If the linkage is in front of the knuckle, the result is deflection
under-steer. If the steering linkage is located behind the front knuckle,
the effect is deflection over-steer. Deflection over-steer is when the tire
turns more that the driver asks. Deflection under-steer is when the tire
turn less than the driver act. Deflection under-steer is generally
considered to be safer and more pleasant to drive, so most late-model
automobiles have their steering linkage in front of the knuckles.
Changing Brake Disks and Pads on a Nissan Primera
Changing the Brake Disks and Pads on a 2006 Nissan Primera 1.8S.
The old disks don't look too bad but the car was juddering when braking
they had warped.
Getting the bolts off was quite difficult and if you have an impact wrench
these are much better i got a lend of an impact for the other side and took
the bolts off very quickly.
Sorry the video doesn't fully show the new pads going back on or things
like compressing the calliper piston the camera battery ran out.