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Automatic vs Semi-Automatic vs Manual - Part II

Background MANUAL. Manual transmissions were the first and most common type of transmission to be fitted in cars to benefit from different gear ratios between the respective propulsion of engine and drivetrain. They basically involve the activation by the driver of the clutch by a foot pedal, the positioning of gears by a gear stick, and the respective coordination of the fuel supply through a throttle pedal. Manual transmissions cost less to manufacture and their reparation in case of malfunction is less complex and costly than that of automated ones. As compared with fully automated devices, it also allows for a potential greater fuel efficiency (albeit not necessarily) as the driver can judge what especial conditions of driving allow for taller ratios and lower supply of fuel. The risk of engine breakdown due to over-revving has additionally been significantly reduced through the fitting of electronic rev-limiters. More significantly, however, the greater advantage of manuals lies in the substantially different driving experience. Automobiles with manual gearboxes situate the driver in command of all the important functions of the vehicle, such as gear selection, amount and duration of clutch activation, fuel supply, all of whose related combinations allow for an infinite range of subtle variations of the dynamics of the machine. Automobile enthusiasts, that is, individuals related to vehicles seeking the sensorial experience of driving for its own sake rather than as a means of transport or of merely attempting to move measurably faster, tend to value all the mechanical operations implied by active driving rather than seeking promised marginal gains in speed by the delegation of functions to the vehicle's automated systems. The experience of directly controlling and operating the main variables and functions of the vehicle and for the driver to be organically integrated with the whole of the machine is believed to be of greatest appeal to car enthusiasts. (c) Text: alernest (c) Video Copyrights: Top Gear, BBC; Fifth Gear, Channel Five (UK).


 


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Automatic vs Semi-Automatic vs Manual - Part I
Top Gear © BBC 2002-2009 / Fifth Gear © Channel Five 2004-2009 [THIS IS A COMPILATION OF CLIPS] Background AUTOMATIC. Automated transmissions were developed early in the inception of cars with internally-combusted engines. Diverse mechanisms were devised to autonomously operate changes benefiting from distinct ratios between engine and wheel motion. The most common device in automobiles is a hydraulically-operated one, using fluid coupling or a torque converter and a set of planetary gearsets providing different ratios. The introduction of automatic gearboxes in transit was anthropologically significant as it allowed far larger populations to drive vehicles, including people who had learned to drive at a late age or people simply not apt to operate the mechanism of manual gearboxes (coordinating clutch pedal + gear stick + throttle pedal). This fact is important as the formidable societal transformation of the transition to an individually mobile society and the economic and industrial transformation after Second World War were both brought about by the massive socialisation, production and use of automobiles. Individual transportation benefited business operability and efficiency as employees and business partners gained greater geographic mobility but also individuals, as this increased, more flexible mobility allowed an enhanced disposal of time and space in the private sphere. These facts, however, only marginally explain the recent trend increasing the proportion of cars with automated transmissions in the car market; this tendency rather follows a very concrete commercial strategy by car manufacturers. Automated transmissions (automatics and semi-automatics) tend to be subject to marginally fewer mechanical breakdowns than manuals, notably those derived by engine over-revving, and also tend to be involved in marginally fewer road accidents. Additionally, engines matted to automatics tend to be better conserved over time and generate lower warranty costs. These facts also redound in lower insurance rates and higher resale values for used cars. These facts have hence moved manufacturers to equip these more costly gearboxes to their models, more notably so in the case of premium manufacturers, as higher resale values for used cars move customers to opt for more similarly priced, brand new vehicles. Background SEMI-AUTOMATIC. The commercial policy described above is more financially beneficial to premium manufacturers as initial purchase costs are often more flexible than those for more economic cars. In this trend, manufacturers of so called sports and race cars, such as Ferrari, Porsche, Lamborghini, BMW and others, began to progressively fit automated gearboxes to their vehicles as well, seeking, however, to provide devices that allowed drivers to operate gear changes manually, even if not through direct, mechanical commands. Automated gearboxes with drivers input were devised by motor sport teams in categories such as Formula 1 and World Rally Championship in the late 1980s, seeking to improve mechanical reliability but also time efficiency, reducing the lapse of gear-ratio changes. These devices finally became standard in both categories by the mid 1990s. There are two basic types of semi-automatic transmissions: Planetary, torque-converting automatic transmissions fitting devices that allow electronic inputs by the driver to operate gear selections; they are far less expensive and are correspondingly more commonly fitted. The second type is that of manual gearboxes fitting individual motors operating clutch activation, gearset engagement and throttle coordination; they are in general much more expensive and fitted less frequently (e.g. Ferrari and some BMW models). The greatest disadvantage of automated manuals seems to lie in the less accomplished operation of changes. Drivers commands are always integrated via electronic inputs (clutch-less stick or, more commonly, so called flappy-paddles behind the steering wheel) within the computerised systems of the vehicle: engine-, traction-, stability-, brake- and more recently (electro-hydraulic) steering-management. Manufacturers have justified the fitting of semi-automatics with a claimed gain in time efficiency, rendering a car marginally faster as dead times, clutch intervals, are said to be operated faster. The most recent device in this trend is the dual-clutch transmission (DCT), in which an additional clutch pre-engages the next gear to that transmitting motion, so that when the order for a gear change is given the next gear is immediately operative. [SEE, RELATED: Background MANUAL in PART II...] © Video Copyrights: Top Gear, BBC & BBC World, 2002-2009 & Fifth Gear, Channel Five, 2002-2009. Video reproduced for didactic, instructive, non-commercial, non-lucrative purposes only.





How To Drive A Manual - (The Secret To Never Stalling)
http://www.vehicle-virgins.com Vehicle Virgins teaches you how to drive a manual transmission vehicle. Driving stick can be difficult at first, but with a few key tips, it's not all that difficult. We at Vehicle-Virgins™ are a dedicated group of college students here to help you make one of the most important decisions of your life: buying your first car. What sets us apart from other consumer review organizations is our perspective of review; we approach the cars as any kid would, not only as a professional automotive journalist would. We take into account real-world decision factors such as budget, reliability, safety, and maintenance, but we also rate cars on their appeal to a younger market. At 19 and 20 years old, we have spent lots of time looking for our first cars, and we know what appeals to us as well as our friends. ​ Our mission is to guide individuals in the right direction for their first car. Vehicle-Virgins reviews popular cars that young buyers are in the market for and helps them decide if the car they are looking at is a good choice. We are lighthearted individuals who are passionate about cars and hope you find our reviews both informative and funny. Cheers. Visit us at: facebook.com/vehiclevirgins twitter.com/vehiclevirgins





Converting An Automatic Transmission To A Standard Shift
Stacey upgrades a 1990 Ford Mustang with a little help from our friends at American Powertrain. Ripping out that old automatic transmission and putting in an standard shift 6-speed! http://staceydavid.com/black-book/american-powertrain





CVT Paddle Shifting vs Formula 1 PDK (Doppelkupplung)
CVT Paddle Shifting vs Formula 1 PDK - (Doppelkupplung Dual-Clutch) Get the book here: https://www.createspace.com/4283730 https://www.createspace.com/371853 Ok, so what does CVT technology has to do with Formula-1 technology? The answer is, you're right, absolutely nothing. However, in an ever increasing move to adapt and accept CVT technology, some manufacturers have installed the paddle style Formula-1 shift on CVT vehicles. This move is a complete negation of the benefits of CVT, and a waste of money for the consumer. In this article we'll explain the differences between the two technologies and how they work, to allow you to make a decision. We encourage you to go elsewhere in this series, for more on CVT technology. The newer semi-automatic dual clutch transmissions, are a direct result of years of Formula 1 technology. These transmissions are directly related to the manual, standard stick shift dry clutch transmissions that we all know. However, the semi- automatic, also known as PDK for their German name, effect the actual shifting using either servo hydraulic, or electric actuators, using a paddle shifter on the steering wheel. This is exactly the same technology used in Formula 1 racing cars. Lots of automotive technology first starts in the Formula 1 circuit, then trickles down to mass produced cars. Paddle shifted PDK semi-automatic transmissions, are the latest and most advanced gearboxes today. These units have all the benefits of a manual transmission, including fuel economy, have no torque converter, no gear wet clutches, and are fully computerized and able to operate as a normal automatic. There are two types of paddle shifted PDK semi-automatic transmission, the single dry clutch, and the more advanced ... Get the whole story right here in this video... Enjoy... *************************************************************************** *********** Amazon Printed-Books & Kindle: http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss_1?url=search-alias%3Dstripbooks&fiel d-keywords=mandy+concepcion Google Play Android APPs: https://play.google.com/store/search?q=mandy+concepcion&c=apps Amazon Video DVDs: http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss_1?url=search-alias%3Dmovies-tv&field -keywords=mandy+concepcion





How Car Transmission System Works
Know how the transmission system inside an automobile works. Do not forget to hit like if you found this video useful. Please Note: The differential gear system was mistakenly animated, and the actual rotation of the pinion and the ring gear is opposite to what is shown here.





Nissan GTR | Fifth Gear | Nissan GTR Fifthgear Exclusive
This is a Fifth gear exclusive test drive of the Nissan GTR. Interesting Facts about the Nissan GTR Manufacturer Nissan Production Q4 2007-present Assembly Tochigi, Tochigi, Japan Predecessor Nissan Skyline GT-R Class sports car Body style(s) 2-door coupé Layout Front engine, four-wheel drive Platform Premium Midship Engine(s) 3.8L VR38DETT twin-turbo V6 Transmission(s) 6-speed semi-automatic dual clutch transmission[2] Wheelbase 2780 mm (109.4 in) Length 4655 mm (183.3 in) Width 1895 mm (74.6 in) Height 1370 mm (53.9 in) Curb weight 1730 kg (3814 lb) Designer Shirō Nakamura





Rear-Wheel Drive vs Front-Wheel Drive vs All-Wheel Drive
Top Gear © BBC 2000. "Old Top Gear", broadcast on 09 March 2000 [LOW VIDEO QUALITY] Vicky Butler-Henderson (Fifth Gear) tests and compares three different automotive drivetrains: rear-wheel drive (RWD), front-wheel drive (FWD) and all-wheel drive (AWD). NOTE: It must be noted that the Audi A4 quattro was a vehicle developed primarily as a front-wheel and not an all-wheel drive car, with most of its kinetic layout (weight distribution, suspension structure, relative wheel distribution, etc.) conceived for front-wheel propulsion. It has a traction torque bias towards the front wheels. Neither was it equipped with active limited-slip differentials (i.e. front- or rear axles or in the shaft in-between) to distribute torque/traction as per contingent wheel grip. By contrast other front-engined, all-wheel drive vehicles (i.e. Subaru Impreza WRX STi, Mitsubishi Lancer Evo) are conceived from the onset with permanent and symmetrical all-wheel drive systems and are often equipped with various arrays of slip differentials in the front- and rear axles and in the torque shaft, resulting in an altogether significantly different vehicle dynamic behaviour. It should also be mentioned that since the broadcast of this film, several traction systems have been developed, for both front and all-wheel drive vehicles, notably mechanical or electronic differentials for front-wheel drive cars e.g. those developed by Alfa Romeo, Ford, Citroën or Nissan. Finally, it should be noted that the criteria for this test was to determine traction on dry tarmac, asphalt sufaces, and not loose ground such as wet tarmac, gravel, sand, snow or mud, contexts in which the dynamic results would most probably vary. It is generally agreed that they do so in favour of (permanent) all-wheel drive or (selectable) four-wheel drive systems, also given the possibility of dual-range transmissions (including greater torque conversion) © Video Copyrights: Top Gear, BBC & BBC World, 2000. Video reproduced for didactic, instructive, non-commercial, non-lucrative purposes only.





How to Drive a Stick Shift
Have you ever tried to learn how to drive a stick shift car? Did you stall? Don't fret! Watch this instructional tutorial video and you will be driving golden like a pro in no time!





6-speed SelectShift Automatic Transmission │Ford How-To Video
Take your driving experience from automatic to manual with the Six-Speed SelectShift transmission. This video explains how to use the six-speed SelectShift in your car. Watch videos, view owner's manuals, get tips, information and more at the official site for Ford Owners - http://owner.ford.com





The Basic Parts of an Automatic Transmission (Part 1)
Visit me at: http://www.ericthecarguy.com/ This is part one of my front wheel drive (FWD) automatic transmission dissection video. In this video I cover the operation of clutches, bands, accumulators, clutch drums, the oil pump, the valve body, valves, check balls, seals and 'o' rings, as well as the construction and function of many of the internal hard parts of an automatic transmission. To be honest a rear wheel drive transmission isn't much different as many of the basic components are the same. I guess what I'm saying is that you could use the information in this video to have a basic understanding of a rear wheel drive automatic transmission also. It is just a basic overview of the main components. I don't get into theory and operation so much. Just the general operation and identification of the parts. I may make more videos on this topic based on the comments I get so feel free to ask questions and perhaps I'll answer them in a future video on this topic. There will also be a separate video on the parts and operation of the torque converter as well. When that is posted I'll post links below to that video. Part 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Qf6O0oAs7U Torque converter dissection: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_U_d_tBn-HQ Discussion about this video: https://www.ericthecarguy.com/kunena/18-The-EricTheCarGuy-Video-Forum/43585 -the-basic-parts-of-an-automatic-transmission#50371 Stay dirty ETCG Due to factors beyond the control of EricTheCarGuy, it cannot guarantee against unauthorized modifications of this information, or improper use of this information.  EricTheCarGuy assumes no liability for property damage or injury incurred as a result of any of the information contained in this video. EricTheCarGuy recommends safe practices when working with power tools, automotive lifts, lifting tools, jack stands, electrical equipment, blunt instruments, chemicals, lubricants, or any other tools or equipment seen or implied in this video.  Due to factors beyond the control of EricTheCarGuy, no information contained in this video shall create any express or implied warranty or guarantee of any particular result.  Any injury, damage or loss that may result from improper use of these tools, equipment, or the information contained in this video is the sole responsibility of the user and not EricTheCarGuy.





Manual vs. Dual-Clutch Transmission
Part 2 with Ed talking about the evils of the double-clutch transmission, often manifested as S-Tronic, DSG, DCT, PDK, and the demise of the standard transmission.





CÂMBIO AUTOMÁTICO | Como usar corretamente





Driving a Manual- First Time!
This is a performance piece of my first time driving a manual car. I hadn't driven in quite some time before that because I lived downtown Portland OR for school and didn't require the need for a car. Hope you enjoy my video project for Time Arts Video class at WSU.





Rear-Wheel Drive vs Front-Wheel Drive vs All-Wheel Drive - HANDLING DYNAMICS
Top Gear © BBC 2000. "Old Top Gear", broadcast on 2000 Tiff Needell, along with guest Mark Higgins, test and compare different drive configurations in terms of best perceived handling: front-wheel drive front-engined (FWD-FF), rear-wheel drive, front-engined (RWD-FR), rear-wheel drive mid-engined (RWD-MR) and all-wheel drive front-engine (AWD-FA). This video may be illustrative on what particular drive configurations represent for driving dynamics. The four cars have different drive-train configurations and very different performances. All four cars are fitted with manual gearboxes and hydraulic steering systems and do not operate during the test with any electronic driver aids (e.g. traction control) activated. FRONT-WHEEL DRIVE, FRONT ENGINE: Peugeot 306 GTI (1993-2002), 2.0L, 4-cyl line, 167 hp ALL-WHEEL DRIVE, FRONT ENGINE: Mitsubishi Lancer Evo VI (1999-2001) 2.0L turbo, 4-cyl line, 300 hp REAR-WHEEL DRIVE, FRONT ENGINE: BMW Z3 M roadster (1998-2002), 3,2L., 6-cyl line, 321 hp REAR-WHEEL DRIVE, MID-ENGINE: Ferrari 360 Modena (1999-2005), 4,3L, 8-cyl v, 405 hp NOTE: There are numerous engine and drive configurations not present on this video: REAR-WHEEL DRIVE, REAR ENGINE: e.g. any Porsche 911 Carrera2, Volkswagen Beetle (1945-1998) ALL-WHEEL DRIVE, REAR ENGINE: Porsche 911 turbo, 4S. ALL-WHEEL DRIVE, MID ENGINE: e.g. Lamborghini Murciélago, Gallardo, Aventador; Audi A8. There are also numerous factors that condition the dynamic performance, handling of vehicles: overall weight, weights distribution, centre of gravity (weight), for which the configuration of the engine cylinders, the position of the transmission, power and torque are immensely influential. REAR-WHEEL DRIVE, FRONT ENGINE, REAR-MOUNTED GEARBOX: e.g. Alfa Romeo GTV Alfetta, Ferrari 550 Maranello, F12 Berlinetta, Porsche 944, 968, Aston Martin V8 Vantage, Nissan GT-R, Lexus LFA ALL-WHEEL DRIVE, FRONT BOXER ENGINE (mounted in front of the front axle): e.g. Subaru Impreza FRONT-WHEEL DRIVE, FRONT BOXER ENGINE (mounted in front of the front axle): e.g. Alfa Romeo Sud, Sprint. It should also be noted that manufacturers tend to produce different mechanical configurations according to the performance of cars. FRONT-WHEEL DRIVE, FRONT-ENGINE: Few cars on this configuration exceed 250 hp (e.g. Alfa Romeo 147 GTA, Renault Mégane RS, Opel Vectra VXR) REAR-WHEEL DRIVE, REAR-ENGINE: Few cars are on this configuration have less than 200 hp (e.g. Lancia Beta MonteCarlo, Toyota MR2, Lotus Elise) Video availed by "Reikro" (thanks) © Video Copyrights: Top Gear, BBC & BBC World, 2000. Video reproduced for didactic, instructive, non-commercial, non-lucrative purposes only.





Mercedes 722.6 AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION FLUID- & FILTER CHANGE - FLUSH - Automatikgetriebe Ölwechsel
Mercedes-Benz 722.640 (5-G-TRONIC automatic transmission) in Mercedes-Benz E 280 CDI-T 3.2 (S211); AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION FLUID- & FILTER CHANGE / FLUSH Automatikgetriebe Öl- und Filterwechsel + Spülung entsprechend der dextrogen11-Methode. ( you find the 722.6 in Mercedes-Benz W211, W212, W210, W202, W203, W204, W220, W140... )




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