2012 Volvo 760 - Only The Fittest Survive
Volvo 760 turns 30 - The car that saved Volvo Car Corporation
In February 1982 - 30 years ago - the new Volvo 760 GLE was launched. No
typical Volvo, yet unmistakably a Volvo. Seen as elegant and exciting with
its characteristic design it was well received. The 760 became the car that
actually saved Volvo Car Corporation back then and paved the way to the
modern company of today.
When the first plans for the new car were drawn up around 1975 the
automotive industry in general was experiencing a lot of difficulties, and
Volvo in particular. The first oil crisis had just passed and at Volvo,
problems were rising regarding the build quality of the new Volvo 240. It
was also a very difficult economic time for the company. It was expensive
to build cars in the Torslanda plant, too expensive in fact, and it was no
longer profitable to export them.
The 200-series was soon to be complemented with a new generation of smaller
cars from the Dutch subsidiary Volvo Car BV, but at the same time a new
large volume-seller for the 1980s was desperately needed. A car designed
and built to meet the continuously higher demands for fuel efficiency, Exhaust emission control and safety that
kept appearing. It was just as difficult to foresee what kind of car the
customers of the 1980s would want.
A new way to tackle the task
The 760 was conceived in a time when conditions changed almost daily and in
the company there were many strong and different opinions regarding the new
car. There was no Internet to surf in order to broaden the views but Volvo
made use of the best possible tool available at the time, a very thorough
analysis of the surrounding world. Careful studies and large mental
flexibility would lead the team on to the right track and along that track
there was very little or no room for mistakes.
More car at less weight
It was decided that reliability, fuel efficiency, longevity,
serviceability, low noise levels, design and performance in that order
should guide the development work on the new project. It was also decided
that rear-wheel drive should be employed, that the wheelbase should be 10
cm (4") longer than that of the 240. The car was also to be somewhat
shorter than the 240 but have the same width and be 100 kg lighter. For
cost reasons most of the technical content was to be carried over from the
200-series with only minor modifications. This was, for instance the case
with transmissions, suspensions and many other system solutions. The
exterior design, however, had to be brand new.
The project, which was now known as the P31, was subject to changes. The
technical specifications were only finalized at about the same time as the
final design was frozen. Choosing the right design is just as difficult and
important as filling the car with the right technical content.
The introduction was initially planned for 1980 but was at this stage
postponed until 1981.
Boxiness becomes a concept
There were many design proposals to consider, many of them from outside
designers. Most of them were sedans but Volvo's head of design, Jan
Wilsgaard, was more into a hatchback. The finance department, on the other
hand, wanted a design with straight and flat surfaces, with angular lines,
preferably 90 degrees, in order to reduce the production costs as much as
In the end, the battle stood between the favourite of the marketing
department and the engineering department alternative, when the sometimes
very secretive Wilsgaard pulled an unknown contestant out of his sleeve. It
was his own proposal which blended the properties in a different way: A car
with a drawn out rear end in the estate fashion with straight body sides
and with an abruptly cut-off rear, in other words a cut-back. This cut-back
remained in the final discussions but eventually a modified version of it -
a sedan with an almost vertical rear screen and boxy rear section - was
chosen. The straight sides lent the interior a spacious feeling which was
also very comfortable. And above all, the car had real character.
It soon proved to be the right choice. In the midst of the round and
slippery soap dishes offered by other manufacturers, the Volvo boxiness was
a hit and soon turned into a hallmark. Very valuable during this selective
process was the use of so-called product clinics which Volvo used for the
first time and at which people's reactions regarding the new car were
investigated without revealing any details like the brand of car etc. The
reactions were not entirely positive, but in the USA, the planned main
market for the new car, people loved it and looked upon it as their type of
Volvo 960, S90, V90 Timing Belt Replacement. Part 1 of 2 - Auto Repair Series
WARNING: This video contains annotations that may not be visible on the
YouTube Droid app.
Timing belt replacement without water pump: 4 to 6 hours, With water pump 5
to 7 hours.
This video will show you how to replace the timing belt, water pump, idler
roller, tensioner roller and tensioner on a Volvo 960, S90 and V90. It
should take you 3 to 4 hours. Make sure you have all parts on hand prior to
starting the job.
The only tool not mentioned is the short 3/8" extension.
- Tensioner Roller, 30 Ft Lbs.
- Idler Roller, 18 Ft Lbs.
- Hydraulic Tensioner, 18 Ft Lbs.
- Water Pump, 15 Ft Lbs.
My Volvo 850 T5 500hp+ running E85 & VEMS
Some mixed movieclips of my 850 turbo
when setting up the engine map. Running Holset HX35 turbo, 1260cc Lucas injectors, JE pistons
(81.5mm), LGspeed rods, crappy GLT-cams, Sachs 707 clutch with sinter disc,
ethanol, 2x255 pumps, MSD ignition, Quaife LSD, VEMS (Versatile Engine
Management Systems) and running quite low Boost ~22psi (1.5bar), and a lot more stuff
Feel free to PM. Everything build by me. Photos:
http://www.garaget.org/?car=10014. Team Bonnmeck!
Volvo 740: The END (HD)
Volvo, Rest In Peace! Music: Albinoni - Adagio in G Minor.
Behind the scenes: http://tos.pp.fi/images/album/volvo/ NEW PIX, updated at
Life ends to metal recycling http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yNKHXacIPnY
Volvo 850 T5 R VS Audi 200 20V
Audi 200 20V turbo VS Volvo 850 T5R
video is a little bit older (summer 09)
Dynoprint Fasttech 09
especially for special people ;)