The Mercedes-Benz W220 was a series of flagship sedans which constituted the Mercedes-Benz S-Class during the early-to-mid 2000's. The W220 (and similar W215 CL-Class coupés) started production in 2000. The W220 was a replacement for the earlier W140 S-Class after the 1999 model year. Compared to its predecessor, the W220 had somewhat smaller exterior dimensions but offered more interior space, particularly in the long wheelbase versions (although the boot is smaller than on its W140 predecessor). Production of the W220 totalled 485,000 units, slightly more than the production totals from the W140. Production ended in 2006 when the W220 and W215 were replaced by the W221 S-Class and the W216 CL-Class.
In many European countries, the diesel S320 CDI version became the most popular model, making it the first S-Class in which a diesel engine achieved broad appeal.
The W220 was not the first model to feature the company's new design theme for the next generation of Mercedes-Benz. This honor was given to the A-Class launched in 1997. Nevertheless, the W220 demonstrated a significantly different stylistic mindset, with both exterior lines and an interior design that express elegance and modernity. This can be seen as a response to criticism on its W140 predecessor, which was sometimes labelled as too big and too heavy.
Despite being smaller, the new car was roomier inside while the dashboard carried over the new styling details first seen in the Mk I A-Class the year before.
A facelifted version of the S-Class was introduced in 2003, offering a more aerodynamic front-end and redesigned tailights, though the exterior style remained largely analogous to the previous W220 models. Although the facelift only made minor changes to the exterior, it addressed several of the issues in the COMAND system and other interior features. Exterior updates included a more upright grille angle, new transparent housing for the headlamps (replacing the earlier opaque versions), and restyled lower air intakes on the front bumper.
The W220 was available with more engine options than the W126 or W140. The range started with a smaller 2.8L 197 hp (147 kW) V6 motor, although this model was not imported in all countries, notably in North America. Very popular was the 3.2L 224 hp (167 kW) V6, which was superseded by an enlarged 3.7L 245 hp (183 kW) V6 in the S350.
The S430 was powered by a 4.3L 279 hp (208 kW) V8 and the S500 was powered by a 5.0L 306 hp (228 kW) V8. The S430 also had a shortened wheelbase variant, which was the entry-level S-Class model offered in North America.
The S55 AMG ('01-'02) was outfitted with a 5.4L 354 hp (264 kW) V8 motor while the later versions ('03-'06) sported the same motor, but supercharged to a rated 493 hp (368 kW). The S600 ('01-'02) was outfitted with a 5.8L 362 hp (270 kW) V12 engine while the later versions ('03-'06) sported a twin-turbocharged (or Bi-turbo) 493 hp (368 kW) 5.5L V12. The justification for having two models with the same power (S600 and S55 AMG) is that the S55 AMG is sportier and more responsive, while the S600 is more luxurious with a smoother ride.
For one month in 2001, AMG produced an S63 AMG, which was sold in very limited numbers. The S63 was powered by a 6.3L 444 hp (331 kW) V12. An undisclosed number of the cars were sold exclusively through AMG in European and Asian markets.
The S65 AMG was introduced in 2005. Powered by a Bi-turbo 6.0L 612 hp (456 kW) V12 motor, the S65 was the most powerful S-Class, as well as the world's most powerful five-seat sedan with a staggering output of 604 hp (450 kW) and 738 ft·lbf (1,001 N·m) of torque.
2015 Mercedes-Benz S-Class S600 - Exterior and Interior Walkaround - Debut at 2014 Detroit Auto Show
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Mercedes Benz "Faithful" Commercial
Mercedes Benz "Faithful" commercial, representing several cars and their
Mercedes-Benz is a German brand of luxury and high-performance automobiles,
buses, coaches, and trucks owned by Daimler AG. Mercedes-Benz has, over the
years, introduced many of the technological and safety features that have
become common in modern vehicles.
Mercedes C30 CDI Sportcoupé Promo Video
The second generation C-Class was introduced in 2000, with an even sportier
look than the previous generations, with a steeper front-end and shorter
rear-end. The sedan debuted with a range of straight-four and V6 gasoline
engines and straight-four and straight-five Diesels. Most of the engines
were carried over from the W202, but the C 320 was exclusive, offering 218
hp, also the C240 now had 2597 cc but output was unchanged at 170 hp. The
diesels now featured common rail direct injection and variable geometry turbochargers. Six-speed manual gearboxes
were now standard for nearly the entire range (except the C320 and C 270
CDI). For the first time, the number designations were no longer equivalent
to the engine displacement, more specifically in the C 180 (2.0 L), C 240
(2.6 L) and C 200 CDI (2.2 L).
In 2001, Mercedes increased the range, with the introduction of the new
T-Modell (station wagon) and Sportcoupé body types. The Sportcoupé was
actually a three-door liftback made to counter the BMW Compact, but like
its competitor, it proved unpopular with the younger buyers it was targeted
towards, due to high prices compared to the lower entry-level models it was
competing against, and unfavorable exchange rates. Although removed from
the North American lineup in 2005, it continued on sale in other markets.
From October 2000 until 2007, a total of 230.000 Sportcoupés were built in
the Bremen factory and in Brazil. In Canada, it was replaced by the
Mercedes-Benz B-Class. A new family of supercharged four cylinder engines,
dubbed M271, also debuted. All of them used the same 1.8 L engine, with
different designations according to horsepower levels, including
a version powered by natural gas. The 193 PS(142 kW/190 hp) C 230K was
initially available only in the Sportcoupé. 4MATIC four wheel drive
versions were also offered for the C 240 and C 320.
The C-Class was refreshed in early 2004. In this year, the interior styling
was changed in all three body styles. Different taillights were added to
the Sportcoupé and several all-new M272 and OM642 V6 engines were
introduced later in the year. These were available in both petrol and
diesel configuration, ranging between 2.5 L and 3.5 L, and the three-valve
twin spark design was replaced by the more standard four-valve design, now
with variable valve timing. The C 350 could now reach 272 PS (200 kW/268
hp), while the C 320 CDI was good for 224 PS (165 kW/221 hp). In addition,
these engines also received the new seven-speed 7G-Tronic automatic
transmission as optional, the diesel four cylinder's power was slightly
increased, and a more economical naturally-aspirated 1.8 L (C 160) was
added to the Sportcoupé lineup.
The C-Class is arguably one of the most popular automobiles in its class in
many of the European markets. The second generation was for a long time
after its release the second most popular new car in the German market,
right after the Volkswagen Golf, and in 2002 it achieved success in the
field of safety by scoring the maximum five stars in a EuroNCAP crash test.
In the United States, the C-Class automobiles are the least expensive of
the Mercedes-Benz lineup. However the W203 C-Class did acquire a poor
reputation for reliability compared to other Mercedes-Benz models, an area
which was targeted for improvement in the replacement model.
The last W203 C-Class sedan was produced on December 14, 2006 at the
Sindelfingen plant, after almost 630,000 units of the sedan were produced.
However, the W203 Sportcoupé hatchback will continue to be produced in
Brazil beyond this date, since Mercedes-Benz does not
foresee producing a W204 Sportcoupé. Indeed, it has decided to offer an
updated W203-2 or CL203 Sportcoupé with a new restyled front end inspired
by the W204 sedan and an improved engine range parallel to the one of the
W204. This new car will take the name of CLC-Class.
After the success of the AMG models in the previous generation,
Mercedes-Benz attempted to increase sales by introducing two different AMG
versions in the new model, also in 2001. The C 32 AMG scaled back down to a
3.2 L V6 engine, to match the E46 M3 displacement and improve weight
distribution, but it required a twin-screw type Supercharger (manufactured by IHI) to reach 354 PS
(260 kW/349 hp) at 6100 rpm and 450 Nm (332 ft•lbf) at 4400 rpm. Like its
predecessors, it used a five-speed automatic, helping it to complete a
0-100km/h sprint within 5.2 seconds. The second version was C 30 CDI AMG,
using a 3.0 L five-cylinder engine, capable of 231 PS(170 kW/228 hp) at
3800 rpm and 540 Nm (398 ft•lbf) at 2000 rpm. Both were available in all
three body styles, but the diesel model did not reach sales expectations
and was retired in 2004, as well as the C 32 AMG Sportcoupé.
Mercedes Benz CLK 55 AMG Promo Video
The Mercedes-Benz W208 coupes and convertibles were produced from 1997 to
2002. They were sold under the CLK-Class model names. The W208 models were
the CLK 200 4-cylinder, CLK230 4-cylinder, CLK 320 V6, CLK 430 V8 and CLK
55 AMG. All models were available in both coupe and cabriolet form.
The CLK introduced a new market niche for Mercedes-Benz. Although the W208
used components from the E-Class and had a specification level higher than
the E-Class, it was in fact based on the C-Class platform.
The CLK features a number of innovative accessories and systems, such as
tow-away protection and an emergency transmission mode.
The W208 was succeeded by the W209, also called the CLK.
The CLK AMG is powered by a hand-assembled 5.5-liter V8 engine. The
hardware list reads like that of a race car: super-stiff forged billet
steel crankshaft, forged, weight-matched connecting rods and pistons,
lightweight AMG-specific camshafts churns inside the pressure-cast aluminum
block of this chain-driven single overhead-cam V8 with two intake and one
Exhaust valves per cylinder, as well
as 16 coils and 16 spark plugs (two spark plugs per cy). Its bore and
stroke are nearly the same, which makes it an ideally balanced engine. The
complex dual-resonance intake manifold with carefully tuned runners helps
create an explosive compression ratio of 10.5:1 which is is mostly what
delivers the healthy 342 horsepower (255 kW) and 376
lb·ft (510 N·m) of torque.
The five-speed automatic transmission is adapted from the gearbox used in
the V-12 S-class models, because that gearbox can take the torque. It is
fully adaptive and electronically-controlled, and is a stronger unit than
that of the CLK430. Also a larger four-bolt driveshaft that's four inches
in diameter connects to a reinforced rear differential to keep all the
extra power under control. Standard traction control keeps wheelspin to a
minimum, while its Electronic Stability Program (ESP) keeps the CLK on its
The standard CLK chassis is used, and while the current version is not
based on the new C-Class platform, the AMG version of the CLK offers some
special undercarriage components. The four-wheel independent suspension is
basically the same as the lesser CLK versions, but AMG fits higher-rated
springs, tighter shock valving, larger diameter anti-roll bars and stiffer
suspension bushings. The resulting firmer, more controlled ride is made
even tighter by its high-performance ZR-rated low-profile tires. The brakes
have been enhanced as well. The huge four-wheel discs are larger and
thicker than the other CLKs, and the rear discs are specially vented to
enhance cooling. An anti-lock braking system is standard, while Brake
Assist applies full braking force in panic stop faster than a driver could. It rides on AMG
Monoblock alloy wheels, 7.5" front and 8.5" rear, shod with 225/45ZR17 and
245/40ZR17 Michelin Pilots.