1998 Renault Broadway
The Renault 9 and Renault 11 are two small family cars produced by the
French manufacturer Renault between 1981 and 1988. It was also manufactured
by American Motors for the U.S. and Canadian markets from 1983 to 1987. It
was produced and upgraded in Colombia between 1983 and 1999.
The Renault 9 is a four-door saloon, launched in the fall of 1981. The
Renault 11 was a three- or five-door hatchback, which followed in the
spring of 1983.
A version of the 9 was produced by American Motors Corporation (AMC) in the
United States, where it was known as the Renault Alliance (although it also
bore a discreet AMC badge on its rear window). As well as the four-door
model, AMC offered an Alliance with an American designed two-door saloon
body (which had higher proportioned rear wheel arches than the 4-door), and
from 1984, a convertible version. There were plans for a station wagon of
the Alliance, although they did not materialize.
The Renault 9 was awarded the 1982 European Car of the Year, while the
Alliance appeared on Car and Driver's Ten Best list for 1983, and was the
1983 Motor Trend Car of the Year.
Although the 9 and 11 cars had different names and body styles, they were
in fact identical under the skin, and were intended to jointly replace the
older Renault 14. The 11 was also distinguishable from the 9 by its front
end, which featured square twin headlights, which had been introduced on
the Alliance in North America. The 9 also received this new front end in
1985 and both models were face-lifted for a final time with matching nose
and interior upgrades for the 1987 model year.
Both cars used Renault's ageing C-type overhead valve engines in 1.1 or
1.4 litre format, and a basic suspension design which won few plaudits for
the driving experience. The exceptions were the 9 turbo and the 11 turbo hot hatch, which used the turbocharged engine from the Renault 5. Although
the cars were heavier than the Renault 5, the power from the engine was
enough to ensure higher performance, thanks to its 115 PS (85 kW). The
rally-tuned version was impressively fast, producing about 220 PS (160 kW).
The newer F-type engine which had been developed in collaboration with
Volvo appeared in later years in 1.7 L guise, powering the upmarket GTX,
GTE, TXE and Electronic (Electronique in France) versions. The Alliance and
Encore, while comparatively underpowered, had a definite advantage in ride
and handling against other small cars available in America at the time and
even had their own SCCA spec-racing series, the Alliance Cup.
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