Jeep History: "Autobiography of a Jeep" 1943 United Films 10min
more at http://cars.quickfound.net/
"Describes the designing of the Jeep to meet military needs of being compact, light weight and maneuverable over rough terrain."
Jeep is an automobile marque of Chrysler (itself a subsidiary of Fiat). The first Willys Jeeps were produced in 1941 with the first civilian models in 1945, making it the oldest off-road vehicle and sport utility vehicle (SUV) brand. It inspired a number of other light utility vehicles, such as the Land Rover which is the second oldest 4-wheel-drive brand. The original Jeep vehicle that first appeared as the prototype Bantam BRC became the primary light 4-wheel-drive vehicle of the United States Army and Allies during World War II, as well as the postwar period. Many Jeep variants serving similar military and civilian roles have since been created in other nations.
Bantam Reconnaissance Car
When it became obvious that the United States was eventually going to become involved in the war raging in Europe, the U.S. Army contacted 135 companies asking for working prototypes of a four-wheel-drive reconnaissance car. Only two companies responded to the request, The American Bantam Car Company and Willys-Overland. The Army had set what seemed like an impossible deadline of 49 days to supply a working prototype. Willys asked for more time but were refused. The bankrupt American Bantam Car Company had no engineering staff left on the payroll and brought in Karl Probst, a talented freelance designer from Detroit. After turning down an initial request from Bantam, Probst accepted the job after being asked again by the Army, and initially working without salary, went to work July 17, 1940.
Probst completely laid out plans for the Bantam prototype, known as the BRC or Bantam Reconnaissane Car, in two days, and the next day estimated the total cost of the vehicle. On July 22, Bantam's bid was submitted, complete with blueprints. Much of the vehicle had to be assembled from existing off-the-shelf automotive parts, and the custom four-wheel drivetrain components were supplied by Spicer. The hand-built prototype was completed in Butler, Pennsylvania, and driven to Camp Holabird, Maryland, for testing by the Army on 21 September 1940. The vehicle met the Army's criteria, but its engine did not meet the Army's torque requirements.
Ford Pygmy and Willys MB
The Army felt that the Bantam company was too small to supply the number of vehicles it needed, so it supplied the Bantam design to Willys and Ford who were encouraged to make their own changes and modifications. The resulting Ford "Pygmy" and Willys "Quad" prototypes looked very similar to the Bantam BRC (Bantam Reconnaissance Car) prototype and Spicer supplied very similar four-wheel drivetrain components to all three manufacturers.
Fifteen hundred of each of the three models were built and extensively field-tested. Willys-Overland's chief engineer Delmar "Barney" Roos made design changes to meet a revised weight specification (a maximum of 1,275 lb (578 kg) including oil and water). He was thus able to use the powerful but comparatively heavy Willys "Go Devil" engine, and win the initial production contract. The Willys version of the car would become the standardized jeep design, designated the model MB and was built at their plant in Toledo, Ohio. The familiar pressed metal Jeep grille was actually a Ford design feature and incorporated into the final design by the Army.
Since the War Department required a large number of vehicles to be manufactured in a relatively short time, Willys-Overland granted the United States Government a non-exclusive license to allow another company to manufacture vehicles using Willys' specifications. The Army chose Ford as the second supplier, but building Jeeps to the Willys' design. Willys supplied Ford with a complete set of plans and specifications. American Bantam, the creators of the first Jeep, spent the rest of the war building heavy-duty trailers for the Army....
History of Jeep Documentary
The best history of Jeep I have seen. I do not own the rights to this film.
This is for fair use.
If you own a Kindle and enjoy Science Fiction, please check out my short
SAS Willys jeep rebuild part 1
Restoration of a 1944 Willys MB jeep. The body tub was a rotten Hotchkiss
one, so a repro body tub was used. Chassis, axles, engine, gearbox, grill
and many little parts are genuine WW2. The Jeep is being built to represent
one used by 4 SAS as used behind the lines in Brittany, France. 1 and 2
SAS, were British, 3 and 4 SAS were French, and 5 SAS were from Belgium.
Many hours were spent studying original photographs to make an authentic
replica. The first 10 or so jeeps were modified in Scotland. 4 were
parachuted into France, the rest were brough in by glider. After Brittany
was mostly liberated, the SAS regrouped in Vannes for a refit. A convoy of
40 jeeps and Bedford trucks were driven from the UK via Normandy, and
modified by local garages to the individual crews requirements.
Consequently no 2 jeeps are identical. See my next videos as the
El fallecido General George C. Marshall definió al Jeep como La mayor
contribución de los Estados Unidos de América a las operaciones de guerra
modernas. De hecho, la historia de la Segunda Guerra Mundial es también la
historia de los primeros años de Jeep, dado que después de 1941
participó en todas las campañas como vehículo ametralladora, vehículo
de reconocimiento, ambulancia, camioneta, limusina para el frente, portador
de municiones, máquina para el tendido de alambres y taxi.
Moab Easter Jeep Safari 2010 Moab Rim Trail in a Willys Jeep
Easter Jeep Safari 2010. Taking my Willys MB on the Moab Rim Trail. I did
this last year with my JK so I let my buddy the "Troublemaker" from
Illinois have a little fun. Only the V8 engined Jeeps made it to the top of
the Sand Dune at max throttle. The MB did it at half power!! Go to
www.jeepingoffroad.com for the Willys build up and more Jeeping adventures.
Ford River Rouge Plant: "Harvest Of The Years" 1939 Ford 23min
more at http://cars.quickfound.net/
Manufacturing the 1939 Ford automobile at the River Rouge plant, where Ford
made their own electricity, steel, tires, etc. "Shows mass production of
Ford cars in an assembly line; the research necessary to carry on the work;
materials that go into the making of the Ford."
Public domain film from the Library of Congress Prelinger Archive, slightly
cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild
video noise reduction applied.
The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise
reduction, clipping reduction, and equalization.
Ford Motor Company is an American automaker and the world's fifth largest
automaker based on worldwide vehicle sales. Based in Dearborn, Michigan, a
suburb of Detroit, the automaker was founded by Henry Ford, and
incorporated on June 16, 1903. Henry Ford was 40 years old when he founded
the Ford Motor Company, which would go on to become one of the largest and
most profitable companies in the world, as well as being one of the few to
survive the Great Depression. The largest family-controlled company in the
world, the Ford Motor Company has been in continuous family control for
over 100 years. Ford now encompasses several brands, including Lincoln and
The Ford line of cars was updated in 1937 with one major change — the
introduction of an entry-level 136 CID (2.2 L) V8 in addition to the
popular 221 CID (3.6 L) V8 unit. The model was a refresh of its
predecessor, itself based on Ford's V8-powered Model 40A and was the
company's main product. It was redesigned more thoroughly in 1941. The cost
was $850 ($13003 in today's dollars) in the beginning of production.
The 1937 Ford featured a more rounded look with fine horizontal bars in the
convex front and hood-side grilles. The front grille was V-shaped, rather
than following the fenders into a pentagon shape, as on the 1936 model.
Faired-in headlights were a major modernization found on both the Standard
and DeLuxe trim versions, though much of the rest of the design was shared
between Ford's two lines. 'Slantback' sedans gained a rear trunk door,
though space was limited, and 'Trunkback' versions continued gaining
The Ford River Rouge Complex (commonly known as the Rouge Complex or just
The Rouge) is a Ford Motor Company automobile factory complex located in
Dearborn, Michigan, along the Rouge River, upstream from its confluence
with the Detroit River at Zug Island. Construction began in 1917, and when
it was completed in 1928 it had become the largest integrated factory in
The Rouge measures 1.5 miles (2.4 km) wide by 1 mile (1.6 km) long,
including 93 buildings with nearly 16 million square feet (1.5 km²) of
factory floor space. With its own docks in the dredged Rouge River, 100
miles (160 km) of interior railroad track, its own electricity plant, and
ore processing, the titanic Rouge was able to turn raw materials into
running vehicles within this single complex, a prime example of
vertical-integration production. Over 100,000 workers were employed there
in the 1930s.
Some of the Rouge buildings were designed by Albert Kahn. His Rouge glass
plant was regarded at the time as an exemplary and humane factory building,
with its ample natural light coming through windows in the ceiling. More
recently, several buildings have been converted to "green" structures with
a number of environmentally friendly features. However, many vehicular
skeletons remain buried on the grounds of the Rouge..
It was not until 1927 that automobile production began there, with the
introduction of the Ford Model A. Later Rouge products included the 1932
Model B, the original Mercury, the Ford Thunderbird, and four decades of
Ford Mustangs. The old
assembly plant was idled with the construction and launch of a new assembly
facility on the Miller Road side of the complex, currently producing Ford
F-150 and Lincoln Mark LT pickup trucks.
On May 26, 1937, a group of workers attempting to organize a union at the
Rouge were severely beaten, an event later called the Battle of the
Overpass. Peter E. Martin's respect for labor led to Walter Reuther, a UAW
leader, allowing Martin to be the only Ford manager to retrieve his papers
or gain access to the plant...
1944 Willys Jeep - Moab 2011
Po serii modyfikacji Willys Quad zamienił się w Willysa MA, a następnie
w Willysa MB. Lecz armia amerykańska i świat ochrzciły ten pojazd mianem
Mówi się, że miano to powstało z niedbałej wymowy głosek 'GP'
(Dżi-Pi) -- wojskowego skrótu słów 'General Purpose'. Mówi się
także, iż nazwa pojazdu pochodzi od popularnej postaci 'Eugene the Jeep'
z kreskówki „Popeye". Bez względu na swą genezę, nazwa Jeep
przyjęła się na dobre i została synonimem pojazdu terenowego, a sam
pojazd -- ikoną historii II wojny światowej.
Willys MA miał dźwignię zmiany biegów na kolumnie kierownicy,
głębokie wycięcia w burtach nadwozia, dwa zestawy wskaźników na desce
rozdzielczej i dźwignię hamulca ręcznego po lewej stronie siedzenia
kierowcy. Ponieważ pojazd musiał być zubożony w celu dotrzymania
wymaganej przez armię masy 980 kg (wg zmodyfikowanej specyfikacji) --
ówcześnie „zbędne" wyposażenie wzbogaciło model MB (drugiej
generacji) -- podnosząc jego masę o prawie 181 kg ponad wymagany przez
Na potrzeby armii amerykańskiej Willys-Overland wyprodukował ponad
368.000 pojazdów, a Ford na mocy licencji -- około 277.000. Surowy lecz
solidny i niezawodny pojazd w kolorze oliwkowym na zawsze utrwalił się w
pamięci jako współtwórca zwycięstwa aliantów w II wojnie światowej.
Po zakończeniu wojny w 1950 roku Willys dokonał zastrzeżenia znaku
towarowego „Jeep" i planował adaptację pojazdu jako terenowy do celów
rolniczych -- 'cywilny' Universal Jeep. Jeden z ówczesnych sloganów
reklamowych Willysa głosił, iż „Słońce nigdy nie zachodzi dla
Wspaniałego Jeepa" -- a firma nie ustawała w wysiłkach, by w skali
światowej zasłużyć na miano ekskluzywnego architekta (i wytwórcy)
pojazdu zwanego Jeep.
WWII Jeep Bodies
Daryl from DL Bensinger show the options for WWII jeep body restoration.
Willys Jeep parts... from a crate!
Cliff opens a crate which contains 10 Ford GPW cyllinder head gaskets in
packs of 15.
They last saw the light of day when they were packed back at the end of the
war at Ford's factory in the US.
This is an excellent example of our new old stock, both authentic and
steeped in history.
All gaskets are now sold.
1952 Willys M38 Military Jeep (ASP) FULL HD
Check out the ASP's Blog: (http://autoshowcaseproject.blogspot.com/)
Auto-Showcase Project (ASP) presents Dennis' 1952 Willys M38 Military Jeep.
Dennis was camera shy, but allowed the ASP to showcase his historic Willys
M38. I provide an after action report (commentary) to the video.
I thank Dennis for showcasing his 1952 Willys M38 Military Jeep to the ASP.
Don't forget to comment below, subscribe, and give me a thumbs up!
WWII WILLYS Jeep on hill
took my 1944 WILLYS MB Jeep to work today and on my lunchbrake I took it
over to a dead end and trayed to get it over this very soft and step hill.
trayed for about 3 mines. all most made it but the ground was just too soft
to go up the hill. if my jeep had lockers tirers that where biger then 5"
wide I would have been able to get over it. anyway it was a lost of fun!