Top 5 small off-road worthy Crossovers reviewed
( http://www.TFLcar.com ) Wikipedia says, "a crossover is a vehicle built
on a car platform and combining, in highly variable degrees, features of a
sport utility vehicle (SUV) with features from a passenger vehicle,
especially those of a station wagon or hatchback." We simply like to say
that the crossover is the new family truckster. Here are the Top 5 off-road
worthy crossovers that we've driven in 2011.
AWD vs RWD vs RWD
Subaru Legacy AWD vs Ford Mondeo FWD vs Volkswagen Passat FWD & ASR vs
Mercedes 320 S RWD & ASR
SUPER POWERFUL Russian military off road 4WD Trucks
Russian military unveils new off road four wheel drive trucks. A truck
(United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, also called a lorry in
the United Kingdom and Ireland) is a motor vehicle designed to transport
cargo. Trucks vary greatly in size, power, and configuration, with the
smallest being mechanically similar to an automobile. Commercial trucks can
be very large and powerful, and may be configured to mount specialized
equipment, such as in the case of fire trucks and concrete mixers and
Modern trucks are largely powered by diesel engines exclusively, although
small to medium size trucks with gasoline engines exist in the US. In the
European Union, vehicles with a gross combination mass of up to 3,500
kilograms (7,716 lb) are known as light commercial vehicles, and those over
as large goods vehicles.
The oldest truck was built in 1896 by Gottlieb Daimler. The first truck
in the United States was built by Autocar in 1899 and was available with
optional 5 or 8 horsepower motors.
The word "truck" might come from a back-formation of "truckle" with the
meaning "small wheel", "pulley", from Middle English trokell, in turn from
Latin trochlea. Another explanation is that it comes from Latin trochus
with the meaning of "iron hoop". In turn, both go back to Greek trokhos
(τροχός) meaning "wheel" from trekhein (τρέχειν, "to run").
The first known usage of "truck" was in 1611 when it referred to the small
strong wheels on ships' cannon carriages. In its extended usage it came to
refer to carts for carrying heavy loads, a meaning known since 1771. With
the meaning of "motor-powered load carrier", it has been in usage since
1930, shortened from "motor truck", which dates back to 1916.
"Lorry" has a more uncertain origin, but probably has its roots in the rail
transport industry, where the word is known to have been used in 1838 to
refer to a type of truck (a freight car as in British usage, not a bogie as
in the American), specifically a large flat wagon. It probably derives from
the verb lurry (to pull, tug) of uncertain origin. With the meaning of
"self-propelled vehicle for carrying goods" it has been in usage since
Before that, the word "lorry" was used for a sort of big horse-drawn goods
In the United States, Canada, and the Philippines "truck" is usually
reserved for commercial vehicles larger than normal cars, and includes
pickups and other vehicles having an open load bed. In Australia, New
Zealand and South Africa, the word "truck" is mostly reserved for larger
vehicles; in Australia and New Zealand, a pickup truck is usually called a
ute (short for "utility"), while in South Africa it is called a bakkie
(Afrikaans: "small open container"). In the United Kingdom, India,
Malaysia, Singapore, Ireland and Hong Kong lorry is used instead of truck,
but only for the medium and heavy types.
In American English, the word "truck" is often preceded by a word
describing the type of vehicle, such as a "tanker truck". In British
English these would be referred to as a "tanker" or "petrol tanker".
In Australia and New Zealand, the term ute (short for coupé utility) is
used to describe a pickup truck with an open cargo carrying space but a
front similar to a passenger car, and which requires only a passenger car
licence to drive. The concept was developed in 1933 by Lewis Bandt of the
Ford Motor Company in Geelong following a request from a Gippsland farmer's
wife for a vehicle that they could go to church in on Sunday without
getting wet and also use to take the pigs to market on Monday.
In many countries, driving a truck requires a special driving license. The
requirements and limitations vary with each different jurisdiction.
In Australia, a truck driver's license is required for any motor vehicle
with a Gross Vehicle Mass (GVM) exceeding 4,500 kilograms (9,921 lb). The
motor vehicles classes are further expanded as:
LR: Light rigid: a rigid vehicle with a GVM of more than 4,500 kilograms
(9,921 lb) but not more than 8,000 kilograms (17,637 lb). Any towed trailer
must not weigh more than 9,000 kilograms (19,842 lb) GVM.
MR: Medium rigid: a rigid vehicle with 2 axles and a GVM of more than 8,000
kilograms (17,637 lb). Any towed trailer must not weigh more than 9,000
kilograms (19,842 lb) GVM. Also includes vehicles in class LR.
HR: Heavy Rigid: a rigid vehicle with three or more axles and a GVM of more
than 8,000 kilograms (17,637 lb)). Any towed trailer must not weigh more
than 9,000 kilograms (19,842 lb)) GVM. Also includes articulated buses and
vehicles in class MR.
HC: Heavy Combination, a typical prime mover plus semi-trailer combination.
MC: Multi Combination e.g., B Doubles/road trains.
2011 Toyota RAV4 vs Subaru Forester muddy mashup review
( http://www.TFLcar.com ) The 2011 Toyota RAV4 and the 2011 Subaru Forester
2.5XT turbo both cost about 30K , both
can seat five people and both can go off-road with their very capable all
wheel drive set up. But which one of these two competing new crossover's is
the better buy? That's the question we try to answer in this off-road
Subaru AWD test vs. Honda, Toyota, and Volkswagen
Our team toured the Subaru plant in Indiana. This video shows the "Roller
test," which very impressively demonstrates the difference between Subaru's
AWD and that of the competition. The leader in All-Wheel Drive technology,
there are no other vehicles quite like Subaru. See for yourself right now!