Omsi bus 遊車河 (032) LWB Alexander Dennis En500 in KBSAR map 屯門公路 259E
Alexander Dennis Limited (formerly known as TransBus International) is a
Scottish bus building company. The largest bus and coach manufacturer in
the United Kingdom, Alexander Dennis is one of the world's fastest-growing
bus builders, with manufacturing plants and partnerships in Australia,
Canada, China, Europe, New Zealand and the United States.
It incorporated the three last surviving UK bus manufacturers which started
bus production before World War II: Alexander, Dennis and Plaxton.
Alexander Dennis was formed as TransBus on 1 January 2001, after the merger
of Mayflower Corporation-owned Dennis and Alexander, and Henlys-owned
Plaxton, all based in the United Kingdom.
TransBus had a variety of factories around the United Kingdom from all
three merged companies: the former Alexander factories at Falkirk, Scotland
and Belfast, Northern Ireland, the former Plaxton factories at Anston and
Scarborough, the former Northern Counties factory at Wigan, and the Dennis
factory at Guildford.
At the height of TransBus, the company produced a range of both bus & coach
chassis and bodies as well as fire engines. Included among its range of
chassis were the Dennis Dart, one of the all-time best-selling buses in the
UK, and the Dennis Trident. TransBus also produced export variants for
service in New York City, Hong Kong, and other locations. The Dennis
Trident is the most common bus model in service in London.
Since the creation of TransBus merged both Plaxton and Alexander, the
TransBus range included Plaxton coaches as well as two double-decker bodies
(the Plaxton President and the Alexander ALX400), the Alexander ALX300
citybus and the Pointer body built in quantity on the aforementioned Dennis
Dart chassis, which replaced the Alexander ALX200 body built previously on
a Dart chassis.
On 31 March 2004, the Mayflower Group was put into administration and by
default TransBus also entered administration. On 17 May 2004, the Plaxton
coach business was sold to its management and returned to its separate
Plaxton identity (TransBus had been in the process of eradicating the
traditional company names from the vehicles). Four days later, on 21 May
2004, the remaining part of TransBus (Alexander and Dennis) was bought by
independent business men (one of whom was Brian Souter, owner of the
Stagecoach Group, although the acquisition was kept separate from the bus
and train operation). The new company became Alexander Dennis. The sale did
not include the former Alexander Belfast plant, which later closed down.
On 26 January 2005, Alexander Dennis's Wigan plant was closed after
finishing the orders of its President body.
Since the administration period and restructuring of the former TransBus
International, Alexander Dennis has secured a number of major orders from
UK operators, and is the favoured manufacturer of the Stagecoach Group. The
company has also continued to find success in its predecessors' traditional
markets of Hong Kong and the Republic of Ireland, with the Enviro500
securing orders in both markets, and the ALX400 double-deck body remaining
the Dublin Bus standard vehicle until production ended in 2006.
Alexander Dennis is also building its share of the North American market,
securing £25m worth of orders in 2005 for its Enviro500 model from
customers in Victoria, British Columbia, New York City (open top models),
San Francisco and Las Vegas.
The order book remained strong in the first quarter of 2006 and the company
unveiled two new models, the Enviro400 double-decker and Enviro200 Dart
In early 2007, Colin Robertson replaced Jim Hastie as the CEO of Alexander
Dennis. In May of that year Alexander Dennis purchased Plaxton, thus
reuniting the two former TransBus businesses.
Alexander Dennis saw reduced orders due to the Financial crisis of
2007--2010, the company laid off almost 100 employees in Falkirk in spring
2009 and introduced short-time working in late 2009. But between 2009 and
2010, bus operators in England and Scotland received awards from the Green
Bus Funds to encourage the purchase of more environment friendly buses, and
several hybrid buses were ordered by organisations such as Stagecoach and
Transport for London.
In May 2012, New Flyer Industries and Alexander Dennis Limited announced a
new joint-venture to design and manufacture medium-duty low-floor bus (or
midi bus) for the North American market. New Flyer will handle production
and marketing, and Alexander Dennis will handle the engineering and
In 7 June 2012, Alexander Dennis Limited acquired Custom Coaches, the
Australian bus bodybuilders and bus seating manufacturers.
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