Camel Trophy 1991 - Tanzania Burundi
In 1991, Camel Trophy returned to the African mainland for the first time since the 1983 event. Camel Trophy 1991 was significant not only because it crossed the border between two countries but also for its record entry of seventeen nations.
Once again, the Land Rover Discovery Tdi was the vehicle of choice for the teams, although this event was the first to use the more accessible five door version.
The route retraced the trail of the famous Scottish explorer Dr David Livingstone, who led a successful quest to discover the source of the Nile in the Nineteenth Century. The 1,800 km convoy route traversed some of the most dramatic and spectacular scenery in Africa, teeming with precious and endangered wildlife, as it made its way from Dar Es Salaam in Tanzania to Bujumbura in Burundi.
With the belated advent of the rainy season, many of the Tanzanian tracks, particularly those through the areas of "black cotton soils", became treacherous quagmires. Progress was slowed dramatically and the incessant whine of winch motors even drowned out the sounds of the African bush.
At the end of this Camel Trophy, during which sleep was a particularly rare commodity, the Austrians won the Special Task Award, while the Turkish team consisting of Menderes Utku and Bulent Ozler won both the Team Spirit Award and the overall Camel Trophy.
This was the first event that where the new scoring/judging system provided three potential award winners for the Camel Trophy, Team Spirit Award and Special Tasks Award. Although the introduction of the special tasks represented the beginning of the gradual move away from the adventurous expedition style of the event, in the future the overall winner would be calculated using a combination of Special Task results and Team Spirit results.
Team Vehicles: Land Rover Discovery 200Tdi
Support Vehicles: Land Rover One Ten
Distance: 1658 km by road
Number of Teams: 17
Austria - Joseph Altman & Peter Widhalm - Special Tasks Award
Belgium - Geert Blondeel & Tony Carrette
Canary Islands - Alejandro Marrero & Clemente Lopez
France - Jean-Pierre Chautagnat & Jerome Krief
Germany - Andreas Bublat & Wolfram Ettgen
Greece - Thanassis Choundras & Thanassis Papadimitriou
Holland - Marcel Van Bemmel & Jan Pepers
Italy - Carlo Rinaldi & Emilio Previtali
Japan - Kaoru Shoji & Hideo Mukoyama
Poland - Slawomir Makaruk & Grzegorz Kowalski
Russia - Vadim Saveliev & Mikael Snarski
Spain - Fernando Castaneda Smids & Javier Vila Altimir
Switzerland - Erwin Karrer & Erik Krebs
Turkey - Menderes Utku & Bulent Ozler - Camel Trophy & Team Spirit Award
United Kingdom - Tim Dray & Andrew Street
United States - Webb Arnold & Bill Burke
Yugoslavia - Roman Vukovic & Darko Dular
Croatia Trophy 2010 stage 8
http://croatia-trophy.org/ - Stage 8 the final day - a tough day through innocent looking swamps ending in a river crossing with no winch points. Read more at: http://toursandtales.com/croatia-trophy-2010-stage-8-finish and in Dutch: http://www.robmieras.nl/croatia-trophy-2010-dag-8
History of Land Rover
Land Rover from Series I to the new Range Rover sport. Covers the birth the the Land Rover brand, Series, Defender, Range Rover, competition with Jeep, the Discovery, Camel Trophy and modern times.
Landrover Defender 110
Vadnings test i Umeälven med en ex.militär Landrover Defender
"Ingen kommer ihåg en fegis!"
Discovery II, jeep breaking axle..
Ocala !!! Alpha pit, 5 trucks went to alpha pit, 3 jeeps fail inside the trails and 1 cherokee reported rear brakes gone at the end of the day, but still drivable and a Discovery II reported no problems !!!!
Camel Trophy 1997 - Mongolia
After International Selections in Turkey, the Camel Trophy travelled to Asia for 1997. Mongolia was the perfect choice. Many labels are applied to the mystical country: "A land of contrasts", "a land that time forgot". Mongolia covers an area three times the size of France, yet its population numbers only 2.2 million - allowing for an average of around 1.4 people per square kilometre. Forty competitors from twenty nations gathered in the rain at the huge Suhbaatar Square in the modern capital of Ulaanbaatar. Mongolia's Prime Minister Enkhsaikhan drove the first Camel Trophy Discovery from the podium in the centre of the square, flanked by local horseman in traditional dress.
From here, the teams moved on to the stunning natural arena at Turtle Rock to witness Naadam - a Mongolian sports festival, where participants took part in the traditional sports of horse riding, wrestling and archery. That night, teams, journalists and support drivers slept in Mongolian "gers" - tents favoured by the nomads for centuries - a chance for a good night's sleep in anticipation of the next day's competitions.
Freelance journalist Spencer Matthews described the event as "transitional" - The event was beginning to evolve away from the mud plugging expeditions of Mondo Maya and Kalimantan. The emphasis no longer lay with the Land Rovers but with competitive disciplines and the most consistent performers would win. Along the way, the teams competed in mountain biking, kayaking, 4x4 driving and orienteering. Although the Discovery played an important part, and still heavily modified, they had the least radical specification than any previous team vehicle. A new-style roof rack had to be developed by Safety Devices and Land Rover to accommodate the Perception two-man kayak and two Lee Cougan mountain bikes.
After the second set of competitions at Selenge, the strong team of Stefan Auer and Albrecht Thausing from Austria took a lead that would remain unreachable until the end. Other teams were not so lucky, with the Russians being the first to roll their fully-laden Camel Discovery during the driving competition, damaging the roof rack-mounted kayak. Whereas the Russians managed to repair their kayak with tape, team Greece were less fortunate after their own roll, which turned the Discovery over two and half times. The British pairing of Karen MacDonald and Trevor Smith were the next to put their Land Rover on its roof; this time en route to the next competition site at Erdene Bulgan.
Unfortunately for Team Switzerland, Alain Duret fractured his collarbone on the mountain bike course at Erdene Bulgan. One of the Swiss journalists - Leo Kalbermatten - stepped into his shoes having competed in Camel Trophy Sulawesi 1988. He commented: "My fitness isn't what it used to be. I didn't expect to come back to Camel Trophy and take part again - I've already done it once!"
The Greek Discovery became bogged in a permafrost valley in the Hangai Nuruu mountain range. Turning around to assist, the Turks and a support Defender that had been tailing them themselves became hopelessly bogged. As if to make things worse, a fierce snow blizzard closed in, bringing visibility to just a few metres. In temperatures below -10C and at a height of over 3,000 metres, the teams had a fitful night's rest before rising early to continue their attempt to find solid ground. It was thirteen hours before they regained their earlier position at the top of the mountain.
The event finished in the ancient capital of Kharakorum, home of Mongolia's largest Buddhist monastery.
The Special Task award was replaced by the Land Rover Award for the best drivers, Team Romania. The immensely likeable Swedes took the Team Spirit award and the Austrian team of Stefan Auer & Albnecht Thousing came away victorious with the Camel Trophy.
Team Vehicles: Land Rover Discovery 300Tdi
Support Vehicles: Land Rover Defender 110 300Tdi
Distance: 1,000 miles plus - no set route
Number of Teams: 20
Austria - Stefan Auer & Albnecht Thousing - Camel Trophy
Canary Islands - Antonio Eateve & Micael Lofgren
France - Jean-Jacques Andr & Philippe Rydin
Germany - Thomas Bergreider & Caraten Stocker
Greece - Nikos Kostopouios & Mike Argyris
Holland - George Derksen & Aletta van Beeck
Italy - Piero Poli & Dennis Dalla Santa
Japan - Masuro Sato & Mayumi Ugajin
Morocco - Abdouh el Glaoui & Anouar Debbagh Zrlouil
Portugal - Miguel landoro Ferriero & Antonio Jorge Leitao
Russia - Pavel Noulanzine & Vladimir Moisseev
South Africa - Brendon O'Leary & Johan Goosen
Spain - Jean Olive & Ignacio Roviralta
Sweden - Rikard Beckman & Marie Hansen - Team Spirit Award
Switzerland - Matthais Kunz & Alan Durret/Leo Kalbermatten
Turkey - Timur Sagiou & Fuat Onoz
United Kingdom - Karen McDonald & Trevor Smith
United States - Christopher Vannest & Douglas Mays
Land Rover Discovery extreme!
Land Rover Discovery (Il Defender più preparato Ditalia) durante una giornata di test della rivista ELABORARE 4x4 http://www.elaborare4x4.com
Camel Trophy 1994 - Argentina Paraguay Chile
The route for Camel Trophy 1994, was more than 2,500 kilometres long, and for the first time in Camel Trophy's fifteen year history, crossed through three different countries. Starting in Argentina at the famous lguazu Falls in April 1994, Camel Trophy traversed Argentina, Paraguay and Argentina before crossing over the Andes into Chile.
The journey took the intrepid explorers down the principle river of Argentina, the Parana, through the steamy jungles and marshy savannahs of Paraguay, back into the Argentinean Chaco, and up into the Andes to a height of 5,000 metres. Crossing into Chile across salt plains and the driest desert on earth, the Atacama, the Camel Trophy convoy finished on a beach at Messionies 120 km north of Antofagasta.
Throughout the three week event, there were numerous challenges confronting the participants, but none more awesome than the Andean mountain range. With temperatures on event varying from -20 degrees C in the Andes, to +40 degress C in the desert, and humidity from 100% in the tropical jungle to 0% in the Andes, the climate and terrain were only two of the obstacles the teams had to cope with.
A joint team from Scandinavia and a team from Hungary joined the event for the first time, with the United Kingdom returning after a year's absence. Spain's Carlos Martinez and Jorge Corella eventually won the event, taking the Special Task award as well. The amiable South African team of Etienne Van Eeden and Klaus Hass took the Team Spirit Award.
Team Vehicles: Land Rover Discovery 200Tdi
Support Vehicles: Land Rover Defender 110 200Tdi
Distance: 2,350 km by road plus 5 km by ferry
Number of Teams: 18
Belgium - Bertrand Delaude & Dirk Verhoeven
Canary Islands - Enrique Guillermo Perez & Jose Luis Hidalgo Vega
France - Carine Duret & Jean Yves Paillier
Germany - Ingo Paulsen & Ede Weihretter
Greece - Spyridon Kyriakis & George Theodorakopoulos
Holland - Hans van den Eeden & Rob Koster
Hungary - Adam Vigassy & Balazs Forizs
Italy - Francesco Garbati Pegna & Andrea Tritarelli
Japan - Junichi Wakabayashi & Tadashi Ilo
Poland - Piotr Konopka & Slawomir Packo
Russia - Boris Kasankin & Alexander Davidov
Scandinavia - Christel Person & Olli Kangas
South Africa - Etienne Van Eeden & Klaus Haas - Team Spirit Award
Spain - Carlos Martinez & Jorge Corella - Camel Trophy & Special Tasks Award
Switzerland - Bruno Kneubuhler & Stefan Waeber
Turkey - Dogan Akora & Kemal Merkit
United Kingdom - Mark Cullum & Damien Taft
United States - Mark Barber & Dave Simpson